✨ ap world survival packs are ready!
📑 Document Based Questions (DBQ)
🚀 Thematic Guides
Theme 1 (ENV) - Humans and the Environment
Theme 2 (CDI) - Cultural Developments and Interactions
Theme 3 (GOV) - Governance
Theme 4 (ECON) - Economic Systems
Theme 5 (SOC) - Social Interactions and Organizations
Theme 6 (TECH) - Technology and Innovation
🗺 Regional Guides
The Pacific from 1200 to the Present
🐎 Unit 1: The Global Tapestry
1.0Overview of Unit 1: The Global Tapestry
1.1East Asia from 1200-1450
1.2Dar al-Islam from 1200-1450
1.4The Americas from 1200 to 1450
1.6Europe from 1200 to 1450
🐫 Unit 2: Networks of Exchange
2.0Overview of Unit 2: Networks of Exchange
2.3Indian Ocean Trade Routes
2.4Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
2.5Cultural Effects of Trade
2.6Environmental Effects of Trade
🕌 Unit 3: Land-Based Empires
3.0Overview of Unit 3: Land-Based Empires
3.1Expansion of Land-Based Empires
3.2Governments of Land-Based Empires
🍕 Unit 4: Transoceanic Interconnections
4.0Overview of Unit 4: Transoceanic Interconnections
4.1New Technologies from 1450-1750
4.4Maritime Empires Established
4.5Expansion of Maritime Empires
4.6Resistance to European Expansion
✊ Unit 5: Revolutions
5.2Revolutions from 1750-1900
5.5Technology in the Industrial Age
5.7Economic Effects of Industrialization
🚂 Unit 6: Consequences of Industrialization
6.0Overview of Unit 6: Consequences of Industrialization
💣 Unit 7: Global Conflict
7.0Overview of Unit 7: Global Conflict
7.6Causes of World War II
🥶 Unit 8: Cold War & Decolonization
8.0Overview of Unit 8: Cold War & Decolonization
8.2The Cold War
8.3Effects of the Cold War
8.4Spread of Communism After 1900
8.5Decolonization After 1900
8.6Newly Independent States After 1900
8.8End of the Cold War
✈️ Unit 9: Globalization
🤓 Historical Thinking Skills
Causation in the AP Histories
Comparison in the AP Histories
👉 Introduction to AP World
⏱️ 3 min read
June 11, 2020
A ton of empires broke apart or started to fall after losses in WWI, such as Austria-Hungary, which fractured into two nations, Germany, who experienced economic devastation, and the Ottoman Empire, who dissolved entirely.
Like I said above, a lot of colonies of imperialist empires began to think of independence. Fighting in WWI helped them develop a sense of nationalism as a separate entity from their imperialist controllers. Some of this began really early, such as the Irish and Korean Declarations of Independence. Instead of continuing to submit to often-cruel imperial authority, these countries sought self-determination.
This would lead to… you guessed it, decolonization!
All that stuff above? Yeah, it totally still applies. If colonies felt nationalist before, they definitely do now, especially after they’d often been refused independence once after WWI (India, anyone?)
In respect to the Cold War, as I said, WWII hit Western Europe the hardest. Now economically and physically devastated from the war, Europe had to pretty much build from scratch-- and since that region used to be the world superpower, there was a vacuum to fill. The U.S. and USSR (Russia) filled that gap.
Since the U.S. was overseas, and Russia was super cold, both of them managed to avoid the worst of the fighting. Not to mention, to fight the wars, both had built up their military, so when the fighting ended and they emerged victoriously, they had an enormous army-- not to mention a booming economy.
Also, remember all those fractured empires, like Nazi Germany? Yeah, now the U.S. and USSR got to influence them. This would only lead to good things.
Colonies fought on the side of their imperial rulers
Increased nationalism in the colonies
Western Europe destroyed by fighting
Power vacuum (that U.S. and USSR would fill)
U.S. and USSR far away from W. Europe & had a strong military from fighting the war
Able to fill W. Europe power vacuum and battle for control; beginning of Cold War
Losing empires destroyed
U.S. and USSR fought for control over land
How did the World Wars lead to the Cold War and Decolonization? (True or False)
When the losing countries saw they were going to lose, they became part of the U.S. or USSR, which led to the Cold War.
(F-- losing countries did not join either, but were rather split up into spheres of influences after the war)
When the war was over, the U.S. and USSR were deeply impoverished and started fighting over the last resources, leading to the Cold War.
(F-- the U.S. and USSR became superpowers after the Cold War)
The U.S. and USSR had strong economies and militaries, which let them fill the gap of powers (T)
Western Europe was destroyed, which left room for the U.S. and USSR to become superpowers (T)
Colonies that were part of empires who lost the war, got mad about their loss and demanded independence
(F-- many colonies, regardless of whether the country lost or not, demanded independence after the war due to rising nationalism in the colony)
Winning countries like France got to encourage the U.S./USSR rivalry because they were still in power
(F-- Western Europe was largely no longer in power, leaving room for the U.S./USSR to take place as a superpower)
Fighting in the wars helped colonies develop a sense of nationalism and demand independence (T)
The empires that lost had to be divvied up, which led to the U.S. and USSR exerting influence over large parts of the world (T)
🎥Watch: WHAP - The Cold War
🎥Watch: WHAP - Decolonization
🎥Watch: WHAP - Newly Independent States
🏆Trivia: WHAP - Cold War Review
🏆Trivia: WHAP - Decolonization Review
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