✨ ap world survival packs are ready!
📑 Document Based Questions (DBQ)
🚀 Thematic Guides
Theme 1 (ENV) - Humans and the Environment
Theme 2 (CDI) - Cultural Developments and Interactions
Theme 3 (GOV) - Governance
Theme 4 (ECON) - Economic Systems
Theme 5 (SOC) - Social Interactions and Organizations
Theme 6 (TECH) - Technology and Innovation
🗺 Regional Guides
The Pacific from 1200 to the Present
🐎 Unit 1: The Global Tapestry
1.0Overview of Unit 1: The Global Tapestry
1.1East Asia from 1200-1450
1.2Dar al-Islam from 1200-1450
1.4The Americas from 1200 to 1450
1.6Europe from 1200 to 1450
🐫 Unit 2: Networks of Exchange
2.0Overview of Unit 2: Networks of Exchange
2.3Indian Ocean Trade Routes
2.4Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
2.5Cultural Effects of Trade
2.6Environmental Effects of Trade
🕌 Unit 3: Land-Based Empires
3.0Overview of Unit 3: Land-Based Empires
3.1Expansion of Land-Based Empires
3.2Governments of Land-Based Empires
🍕 Unit 4: Transoceanic Interconnections
4.0Overview of Unit 4: Transoceanic Interconnections
4.1New Technologies from 1450-1750
4.4Maritime Empires Established
4.5Expansion of Maritime Empires
4.6Resistance to European Expansion
✊ Unit 5: Revolutions
5.2Revolutions from 1750-1900
5.5Technology in the Industrial Age
5.7Economic Effects of Industrialization
🚂 Unit 6: Consequences of Industrialization
6.0Overview of Unit 6: Consequences of Industrialization
💣 Unit 7: Global Conflict
7.0Overview of Unit 7: Global Conflict
7.6Causes of World War II
🥶 Unit 8: Cold War & Decolonization
8.0Overview of Unit 8: Cold War & Decolonization
8.2The Cold War
8.3Effects of the Cold War
8.4Spread of Communism After 1900
8.5Decolonization After 1900
8.6Newly Independent States After 1900
8.8End of the Cold War
✈️ Unit 9: Globalization
🤓 Historical Thinking Skills
Continuity and Change Over Time in the AP Histories
Comparison in the AP Histories
Causation in the AP Histories
👉 Introduction to AP World
⏱️ 2 min read
June 23, 2020
Long-distance migration expanded greatly during this time period. The reasons in some ways were simple: the world population grew and transportation methods advanced. More people, bigger 🛳 = more migration. Most migrants were moving within or from Europe and Asia and many were laborers.
🎥Watch: WHAP - Causes and Effects of Migration in the 19th Century
Industrial transportation--steam!--made longer distance travel more affordable via ships and railroads🚂. Some Italian migrants crossed the Atlantic twice a year from southern Europe to Argentina and back, working harvests in the northern and southern hemispheres. Laborers from Japan crossed the Pacific and worked in sugarcane fields in Hawai’i. Merchants moved, too, such as Lebanese business owners in the Americas.
Some of this movement was part of global urbanization as millions of people moved to cities🌆, sometimes in other countries. In Ireland, rural migrants moved to cities in the United Kingdom, but many others crossed the Atlantic to relocate to Boston, Buenos Aires or New York. These migrants were most often seeking employment in industrial economies.
🎥Watch: WHAP - Global Migrations
Image Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons
Coerced labor continued during this period. The late 1700s were the peak decades for the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. Even after the British and the US banned the slave trade in 1807, other nations continued through the 1800s.
The slave trade did decline in the 1800s, but coerced labor did not. Migrants from India and China were often indentured laborers with few rights. These migrants often worked on plantations in the Caribbean or the Indian Ocean. The British also used convicts for labor in their colonies in the Indian Ocean and Australia, as did the southern states in the US, albeit in a highly racialized form.
Imperialism also facilitated these long-distance migrations. Many migrants moved within empires, such as Vietnamese workers in French Indochina moving to Paris or indentured Indian laborers moving from the British Raj to British East Africa.
🎥Watch: WHAP - Causation in an Age of Imperialism and Global Migration
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