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🚀  Thematic Guides

✈️  Unit 9: Globalization

👉  Introduction to AP World

2.7 Comparison in Trade from 1200-1450

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⏱️  1 min read

written by

katie moore

June 19, 2020


Comparison of Economic Exchange

Similarities and Differences among various trade networks:

Similarities:

  • All respective trade networks demonstrated an exchange of cultural, technological, and biological diffusion within and between various societies

    • Ex. Buddhism along the Silk Roads, Hinduism in the Indian Ocean, Islam in trans-Saharan routes

  • Commercial improvement led to an increase in the volume of trade among these networks which expanded trade networks

  • Trade networks promoted new trading cities

  • Innovations in pre-existing transport and commercial technologies impacted the growth of trade. Innovations such as the caravanserai, forms of credit, and the development of money economies

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2FScreenshot%202020-03-20%20at%204.28.34%20PM.png?alt=media&token=1190477a-ba37-489e-9d9a-8be93adc7909

Silk Road Caravanserai. Image Courtesy of gounesco.com

Differences:

  • The types of exports that these trade networks had were significantly different

    • Silk Roads traded luxury items while Indian Ocean trade common goods in bulk

  • The trade networks produced items that were symbolic to their respective regions

  • Changes in trade routes were a result of increasing productive capacity, with the vital role of social and gender structures and environmental occurrences. 

    • The need for luxury goods increased in Afro-Eurasia

    • Chinese, Persian, and Indian merchants expanded the supply of textiles and porcelains for export

    • Production of iron & steel expanded in China

🎥Watch: WHAP -CCOT-silk, sea, and sand roads

🎥Watch: WHAP -CCOT-indian ocean exchange network

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