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🚀  Thematic Guides

✈️  Unit 9: Globalization

👉  Introduction to AP World

2.7 Comparison in Trade from 1200-1450




⏱️  1 min read

written by

katie moore

June 19, 2020

Comparison of Economic Exchange

Similarities and Differences among various trade networks:


  • All respective trade networks demonstrated an exchange of cultural, technological, and biological diffusion within and between various societies

    • Ex. Buddhism along the Silk Roads, Hinduism in the Indian Ocean, Islam in trans-Saharan routes

  • Commercial improvement led to an increase in the volume of trade among these networks which expanded trade networks

  • Trade networks promoted new trading cities

  • Innovations in pre-existing transport and commercial technologies impacted the growth of trade. Innovations such as the caravanserai, forms of credit, and the development of money economies


Silk Road Caravanserai. Image Courtesy of gounesco.com


  • The types of exports that these trade networks had were significantly different

    • Silk Roads traded luxury items while Indian Ocean trade common goods in bulk

  • The trade networks produced items that were symbolic to their respective regions

  • Changes in trade routes were a result of increasing productive capacity, with the vital role of social and gender structures and environmental occurrences. 

    • The need for luxury goods increased in Afro-Eurasia

    • Chinese, Persian, and Indian merchants expanded the supply of textiles and porcelains for export

    • Production of iron & steel expanded in China

🎥Watch: WHAP -CCOT-silk, sea, and sand roads

🎥Watch: WHAP -CCOT-indian ocean exchange network

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