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Unit 1

1.2 Dar al-Islam from 1200-1450

2 min readnovember 30, 2021

William Dramby

AP World History 🌍

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Developments in Dar al-Islam

Islam was founded and spread quickly in the 600s. Muhammad is believed to be the last true prophet of Allah (Arabic for god). Though it is built upon principles of Judaism and Christianity, Islam has blended the role of religion and government together so well that it spread from India to Spain within a few hundred years. This Islamic world is often referred to as Dar al-Islam, or House of Islam.
Islamic expansion across North Africa and through the Middle East saw more connections because of trade.  Muslim caliphates conquered and often tolerated different beliefs as long as non-Muslims paid a tax called a jizya.
The Muslim expansion was stopped in France at the Battle of Tours. The Islamic region of Spain was referred to Al-Andalus. The architecture of Cordoba and the iron work of Toleda are directly related to this era of Islamic expansion.


The extent of Islamic expansion. Image Courtesy of Wikipedia

Women in Dar al-Islam enjoyed a lot more freedom than their counterparts in Christendom. They could divorce, own land, and pass on property, giving them a higher status than before the spread of Islam. However, over time, conservative elements in Islam saw an increased role of harems and facial coverings.

Periphery of the Abbasids

The Umayyad and the Abbasid Caliphates helped develop and spread Islam from Spain to India. As the Abbasid Caliphate falls to the Mongol invaders, new Islamic powers emerge:
🎥Watch: WHAP - The Islamic World


New Islamic Powers

Egyptian MamluksMamluks are slave soldiers that won political control of several Muslim states during the Middle Ages. Mamluk generals used their power to establish a dynasty that ruled Egypt and Syria from 1250 to 1517.
Seljuk TurksThe Seljuk Turks ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 1000s to 1300s. The Seljuks migrated from the northern Iranian provinces in Central Asia into mainland Iran, formerly known as Persia.
Delhi SultanateCentral Asian Turkish warlords established this Muslim kingdom in northern India at the turn of the 1200s and it continued until their conquest by the Mughals.


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