Join Our Discord

Learn Moreย ย ๐Ÿ‘‡

caret down
caret up

Join our Discord

1,000s of Fiveable Community students are already finding study help, meeting new friends, and sharing tons of opportunities among other students around the world! Don't miss out!ย  ๐ŸŽ‰

group of students
group of students

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡บย ap euro

ย ย >ย ย 

โ›ช๏ธย Unit 2

ย ย โ€ขย ย โฑ๏ธ2 min read

2.3 The Protestant Reformation

Sharii Liang

sharii liang

โฑ๏ธ May 11, 2020


Learning to Read

Religion was originally a very elitist thing. While the common people were involved through prayer and going to church, they were unable to read the Bible and interpret it for themselves. ๐Ÿ™ The Bible was originally in Latin, and Latin was a language that only the well-off and educated could read.

With the invention of the printing press by Johann Gutenberg, the Bible could finally be printed in the vernacular.

The common people could interpret the Bible for themselves as well as Lutherโ€™s 95 Theses. This improved literacy rates and spread Lutherโ€™s ideas far and wide as well as other Protestant ideas. ๐Ÿ’ญ

Image Courtesy of WIkimedia

State Over Church?

During this time, it was commonplace for the monarchy and government to control what religion its people followed. The Church was second to the State due to favors like reduced land taxes on Church property (France cough cough). Some nations could choose who the Church officials were. This led to corruption within the Church.

When the Protestant Reformation occurred, people finally sought a solution to this problem. Calvinists and Anabaptists refused to acknowledge the ability of the State to decide oneโ€™s religion. Some groups that would fight against the State were Puritans (English Calvinists) and Huguenots (French Calvinists). They faced persecution from the Catholics as a result.

John Calvin

Image Courtesy of Wikimedia

๐ŸŽฅ Watch: AP European History - Martin Luther and Reformation

A tent in the woods with a fire

Get your ap euro survival pack!

Download our ap euro survival pack and get access to every resource you need to get a 5.

ap euro study guides

๐Ÿงย  Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

๐Ÿ“‹ย  Short Answer Questions (SAQ)

continue learning

Slide 1 of 10

Join Our Discord


Fiveable Community students are already meeting new friends, starting study groups, and sharing tons of opportunities for other high schoolers. Soon the Fiveable Community will be on a totally new platform where you can share, save, and organize your learning links and lead study groups among other students!๐ŸŽ‰

*apยฎ and advanced placementยฎ are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

ยฉ fiveable 2021 | all rights reserved.

2550 north lake drive
suite 2
milwaukee, wi 53211