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9.9 Decolonization

#selfdetermination

#decolonization

#independence

⏱️  1 min read

written by

Sharii Liang

sharii liang

June 11, 2020


After WWI, President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points had included a clause about self-determination. Non-European countries hoped it was an opportunity for more autonomy and even sovereignty. That hope, however, was soon crushed when it became apparent that European powers were not going to give up their conquered lands so easily. 

War, Instability, and More War

The independence of colonized nations would be delayed until the end of the 20th century. It wasn’t until the economies of entire nations were ruined by WWII that Europe could not deal with its colonies overseas. Indigenous nationalistic movements only found a way to prosper during the midst of Cold War tensions, economic decline, and internal instability. 

Below are some of the colonies that finally gained independence from the imperial powers!

Colony

Colonizer

India - 1947

England

Philippines - 1946

United States

Vietnam - 1945

France

Cambodia and Laos - 1953

France

Democratic Republic of the Congo - 1960

Belgium

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