🚀 Thematic Guides
Theme 1: INTERACTION OF EUROPE AND THE WORLD (INT)
Theme 4 (SOP) - States and Other Institutions of Power
Theme 6 (NEI) - National and European Identity
🎨 Unit 1: Renaissance and Exploration
1.6Age of Exploration
⛪️ Unit 2: Age of Reformation
2.4Wars of Religion
2.616th-Century Society & Politics in Europe
👑 Unit 3: Absolutism and Constitutionalism
3.1Context of State Building from 1648-1815
3.2The English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution
3.3Continuities and Changes to Economic Practice and Development from 1648-1815
3.6Balance of Power in Europe from 1648-1815
🤔 Unit 4: Scientific, Philosophical, and Political Developments
4.0Unit 4 Overview: Scientific, Philosophical, and Political Developments
4.1Context of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment
4.518th Century Culture and Art in Europe
🥖 Unit 5: Conflict, Crisis, and Reaction in the Late 18th Century
5.0Unit 5 Overview: Conflict, Crisis, and Reaction in the Late 18th-Century
5.2The Rise of Global Markets in the 18th-Century
5.4The French Revolution
5.6Napoleon's Rise, Dominance, and Defeat
🚂 Unit 6: Industrialization and Its Effects
6.0Unit 6 Overview: Industrialization and Its Effects
6.2The First Industrial Revolution
6.3The Second Industrial Revolution
6.4Social Effects of Industrialization
6.5The Concert of Europe and European Conservatism
6.6Revolutions from 1815-1914
6.7Intellectual Developments from 1815-1914
6.819th Century Social Reform Movements
6.9Institutional Reforms of the 19th Century
✊ Unit 7: 19th-Century Perspectives and Political Developments
7.0Unit 7 Overview: 19th-Century Perspectives and Political Developments
7.3National Unification and Diplomatic Tensions
7.7Effects of Imperialism
💣 Unit 8: 20th-Century Global Conflicts
8.4Versailles Conference and Peace Settlement
8.6Fascism and Totalitarianism
🥶 Unit 9: Cold War and Contemporary Europe
9.4Two Super Powers Emerge
9.7The Fall of Communism
9.1420th- and 21st-Century Culture, Arts, and Demographic Trends
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
📋 Short Answer Questions (SAQ)
📝 Long Essay Questions (LEQ)
AP European History Free Response Help - FRQ/LEQ
⏱️ 2 min read
June 8, 2020
The only two survivors standing were the United States and the Soviet Union. These two nations had actually flourished into global superpowers due to the war, but their conflicting ideologies would bring about a war that would last almost half a decade.
WWII decimated the economy and political institutions of most of the world. Axis and Allied powers alike were in ruins. Their populations were ruined due to total war and the amount of young men who had died. Billions of dollars had been spent on the war effort, and governments struggled to restore their respective countries.
The economic effects of war became a source of tension between the two global superpowers. As European countries struggled to deal with the aftermath of WWII, internal and external conflicts were exacerbated. Post-war nationalist and separatist movements would lead to many atrocities within various nations, and a battle between political ideologies would be highlighted for all to see.
The experience of war would bring about a general sense of anxiety in all aspects of life. Various intellectual and artistic movements would address these feelings in all types of styles. Even more notably would be the decline of religion, an aspect that once held great value in European society.
Everyday life was also affected by the total war of WWI & WWII. Populations were stunted, economies grew and collapsed, traditional ways of life disappeared, and different ideologies affected how the people lived their lives. As a result, new groups of people would rise amidst the political, intellectual, and social mess of the time.
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