All Subjects



AP Euro



Unit 9

9.10 The European Union

1 min readjune 11, 2020


Sharii Liang

European countries had always been extremely different in both language and culture. For centuries, they had competed with one another to be the pinnacle of society. After WWII, however, there was a general push to put nationalism aside and form a strong ties in politics and economics. These unions would grow in size as it became what we know today as the European Union.

One Continent, Many Nations

The European Union started out in 1952 as the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), a coalition of European countries regulating industrial production. It was meant to spur post-war economic recovery before developing into the European Economic Community (EEC or Common Market) and then the European Union (EU).
As countries struggled to form a united European identity under political and economic ties (not religious ones like in the 15th century), the European Union led to questions about national sovereignty. The free borders, united currency (euro), and European Parliament caused discontent to rise in some nations, most notably in Britain (Brexit). 

Was this guide helpful?

🔍 Are you ready for college apps?
Take this quiz and find out!
Start Quiz
FREE AP euro Survival Pack + Cram Chart PDF
Sign up now for instant access to 2 amazing downloads to help you get a 5
Browse Study Guides By Unit
Big Reviews: Finals & Exam Prep
Long Essay Questions (LEQ)
Thematic Guides
Unit 1: Renaissance and Exploration
Unit 2: Age of Reformation
Unit 3: Absolutism and Constitutionalism
Unit 4: Scientific, Philosophical, and Political Developments
Unit 5: Conflict, Crisis, and Reaction in the Late 18th Century
Unit 6: Industrialization and Its Effects
Unit 7: 19th-Century Perspectives and Political Developments
Unit 8: 20th-Century Global Conflicts
Join us on Discord
Thousands of students are studying with us for the AP European History exam.
join now
💪🏽 Are you ready for the AP Euro exam?
Take this quiz for a progress check on what you’ve learned this year and get a personalized study plan to grab that 5!
Hours Logo
Studying with Hours = the ultimate focus mode
Start a free study session
📱 Stressed or struggling and need to talk to someone?
Talk to a trained counselor for free. It's 100% anonymous.
Text FIVEABLE to 741741 to get started.
© 2021 Fiveable, Inc.