In the late 1400s, the beginning of the Renaissance revolutionized Europe and brought Europe out of the Middle ages. Rather than suffering socially and economically from a widespread plague, the Renaissance was a period known for its advancements in art, architecture and early secular studies, as well as religious discourse, leading to events such as the 100 Years War and the Great Schism.
The Renaissance was a period of time where people began rediscovering classical texts and art from ancient Greece and Rome that changed and arose new values socially, politically, and religiously in Europe.
This period also promoted European exploration overseas and the establishment of overseas colonies driven by commercial and religious motives.
During this time, many Europeans adjusted their lives away from agriculture and oriented around manors due to the societal and economic structure changes. These changes occurred because of commercial and agricultural capitalism.