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APUSH study guides

🚀  Thematic Guides

🐎  Unit 4: 1800-1848

🌎  Unit 7: 1890-1945

🥶  Unit 8: 1945-1980

📲  Unit 9: 1980-Present

📋  Short Answer Questions (SAQ)

3.0 Unit 3 Overview: Contextualization

#period3

#colonialamerica

⏱️  2 min read

written by

james glackin

November 12, 2020

available on hyper typer

Overview of Period 3

By 1763, the British Empire was vast and contained colonies all over the world. This overextension of British territorial control created problems for Great Britain’s management of their colonies in North America, namely the 13 colonies. At the end of the Seven Years’ War, or French and Indian War (1754-1763), the nature of the relationship between Britain and the colonies would change.

Britain would soon impose numerous laws on the colonies, particularly new taxes that the colonists would resent.  Various forms of colonial protests would soon follow that led to the colonies declaring independence from the mother country. The Revolutionary War began in 1775.

The British military was the best in the world; however, the colonies were able to defeat Britain for several reasons and earn their newfound freedom. First, the Brits were physically far and preoccupied with other challenges.

Second, the Americans had superior defense tactics and influential leaders like George Washington.

Once independent, the colonial task was not over. The new country now had to create a permanent, stable government. They did not want to duplicate a monarchy with a tyrannical king. There was a great debate in forming a Constitution between the federalists and the anti federalists. How much power should the federal government have?

After the agreement to install the Bill of Rights, the Constitution was completed by 1789 and George Washington was chosen unanimously as the first President. The 1790s would witness numerous domestic and foreign policy challenges to the young republic during the Washington and John Adams terms and test the stability of the new government of the United States. However, the country would survive its infancy and look to expand into a bigger country by 1800. 

🎥 Watch: AP US History - Unit 3 Review

APUSH Unit 3 Timeline

1754-1763 French and Indian War.

1763 Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian War.

1763 Proclamation Act.

1764 Sugar Act.

1765 Stamp Act.

1767 Townshend Acts.

1770 Boston Massacre.

1773 Boston Tea Party

1774 First Continental Congress meets.

1775 Battles of Lexington and Concord.

1775 Second Continental Congress meets.

1776 Common Sense published.

1781 Articles of Confederation ratified.

1783 Treaty of Paris ends the Revolutionary War

1786 Shays Rebellion

1788 Constitution ratified.

1789 George Washington inaugurated as first President.

1791 Bill of Rights approved.

1794 Whiskey Rebellion

1796 John Adams elected.

1798 Alien and Sedition Acts.

Key Terms

Albany Plan

Lexington and Concord Jay’s Treaty

Proclamation of 1763

Battle of Long Island

XYZ Affair

natural rights

Valley Forge

Sedition Act

William Pitt

Battle of Yorktown

John Adams

Sugar Act

Treaty of Paris

Stamp Act

Articles of Confederation

virtual representation

Shay’s Rebellion

Quartering Act

Federalists

Sons of Liberty

Antifederalists

Townshend Act

George Washington

nonimportation agreements

William Howe

committees of correspondence

Baron Von Steuben

Tea Act

James Madison

Continental Congress

Judiciary Act

Thomas Paine

Bill of Rights

Common Sense

B.U.S.

Samuel Adams

French Revolution

Thomas Jefferson

Whiskey Rebellion

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