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APUSH study guides

🚀  Thematic Guides

🐎  Unit 4: 1800-1848

🌎  Unit 7: 1890-1945

🥶  Unit 8: 1945-1980

📲  Unit 9: 1980-Present

📋  Short Answer Questions (SAQ)

4.5 Market Revolution: Industrialization

#period4

#marketrevolution

#eriecanal

#nationalroad

⏱️  1 min read

written by

Robby May

robby may

sally kim


The Market Revolution marked Americans moving away from self-sufficient agriculture to production of goods for sale.

🎥 Watch: AP US History - Market Revolution

Technology

The Industrial Revolution occurred in Britain, and machines could effectively be used to create thread and fabric faster. This boosted the textile markets.

Agriculture

The McCormick reaper harvested grain faster and made wheat cheaper.

The Telegraph, patented by Samuel Morse, became a new form of communication, sending electrical signals through wires. News could travel faster than ever before.

Roads

Roads began to be built. Pennsylvania’s Lancaster Turnpike connected Philadelphia with the rich farmlands around Lancaster. The National (Cumberland) Road, was a major route to the west, extending more than a 1000 miles from Maryland to Illinois.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2FErie-Canal.jpg?alt=media&token=44c58433-9c2a-4377-bcf0-b73901e39fe8

Engraving based on W.H. Bartlett, “Lockport, Erie Canal,” 1839. Wikimedia.

Canals

The completion of the Erie Canal led to a canal-building boom. By 1835, canals connected most rivers and lakes east of the Mississippi River. It allowed for a decrease in food prices and migration towards the West. But it was short-lived since railroads proved to be better transportation.

Railroads

Railroads could send products directly and became the best form of transportation. It made any city a trading center, so companies took advantage of this by building railroads and towns nearby. Railroads were more common in the North than in the South.

🎥 Watch: AP US History - Women & the Market Revolution Practice LEQ

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