🚀 Thematic Guides
Theme 1 (NAT) - American and National Identity
Theme 2 (WXT) - Work, Exchange, and Technology
Theme 3 (GEO) - Geography and The Environment
Theme 4 (MIG) - Migration and Settlement
Theme 5 (PCE) - Politics and Power
Theme 7 (ARC) - American and Regional Culture
Theme 8 (SOC): Social Structures
🌽 Unit 1: 1491-1607
1.1Context: European Encounters in the Americas
1.6Cultural Interactions Between Europeans, Native Americans, and Africans
🦃 Unit 2: 1607-1754
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Contextualization
2.3The Regions of the British Colonies
2.5Interactions between Native Americans and Europeans
2.6Slavery in the Colonies
🔫 Unit 3: 1754-1800
3.6The Influence of Revolutionary Ideals
3.10Shaping a New Republic
🐎 Unit 4: 1800-1848
4.2The Rise of Political Parties and the Era of Jefferson
4.3Politics and Regional Interests
4.8Jackson and Federal Power
4.9The Development of an American Culture
4.10The Second Great Awakening
4.11the age of reform
4.12African Americans in the Early Republic
💣 Unit 5: 1844-1877
5.5Sectional Conflict: Regional Differences
5.6Failure of Compromise
5.7Election of 1860 and Secession
5.9Government Policies during the Civil War
🚂 Unit 6: 1865-1898
6.2Westward Expansion: Economic Development
6.3Westward Expansion Social and Cultural Development
6.6The Rise of Industrial Capitalism
6.7Labor in the Gilded Age
6.9Responses to Immigration
🌎 Unit 7: 1890-1945
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Contextualization
7.3The Spanish-American War
7.5World War I: Military and Diplomacy
7.6World War I: Home Front
7.81920s: Cultural and Political Controversies
7.9The Great Depression
7.10The New Deal
7.11Interwar Foreign Policy
7.12World War II: Mobilization
🥶 Unit 8: 1945-1980
8.2The Cold War from 1945-1980
8.3The Red Scare
8.4Economy after 1945
8.6Early Steps in the Civil Rights Movement
8.7America as a World Power
8.8The Vietnam War
8.10The African American Civil Rights Movement
8.11The Expansion of the Civil Rights Movement
📲 Unit 9: 1980-Present
9.0Unit 9 Overview: Contextualization
9.2Reagan and Conservatism
9.3The End of the Cold War
9.6Challenges of the 21st Century
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
📋 Short Answer Questions (SAQ)
⏱️ 2 min read
May 29, 2020
Many cultural developments were taking place in America from 1750-1800. What did it mean to be an American? Americans were still maintaining some European cultural characteristics but were also developing their own religion, schools, arts and technology.
From 1700-1775, the population in the thirteen colonies grew by more than 2 million people. The average age was sixteen. Most of these people lived in rural America.
The major cities were Philadelphia, New York, Boston, and Charleston. America was one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world. Eighty percent of the population was white while twenty percent was black. The white population consisted of English, German, Scots-Irish and various other Europeans who lived mostly east of the Appalachian Mountains.
The two major churches were the Anglican Church and the Congregational Church. Anglicans could be found mostly in the South and parts of New York while being associated with England. Quakers, Baptists, Catholics, Jews, and Lutherans were some other religious groups.
The Congregationalists were found mostly in New England and had their origins in Puritanism. They believed that each church controlled its own affairs and did not have to answer to a higher authority. They were involved in social reforms, such as the abolition of slavery.
Since farming was the main job, the time for leisure and artistic pleasure was limited in colonial days. As a result, the art, architecture and literature reflected more of a European flavor.
Some famous painters included Benjamin West, John Trumbull, John Singleton Copley, and Charles Wilson Peale, who painted noted portraits of George Washington. Ben Franklin’s witty quotes in Poor Richard’s Almanac (1758) was the second most popular book after the Bible.
Architecture was mostly borrowed from Europe and included the Georgian style of stone and formal red brick buildings in Williamsburg, Virginia or in parts of Philadelphia. Schools and private tutoring were mostly reserved for the rich. Rural farmers and the poor had low literacy rates because they were busy in the fields.
New machinery from 1750-1800 made transportation and manufacturing more productive. The steam engine invented by James Watt in 1769 would lead to the steamboat and the steam locomotive in transportation. Flatboats invented in 1782 allowed for freight and passengers to move on colonial waterways.
Textiles, a major industry, got a boost from the spinning jenny (1764) and the power loom (1784). In agriculture, Eli Whitney’s cotton gin (1793) would separate a cotton seed from the fiber, which created a large demand for black slaves in the South. While Whitney hoped that the invention would decrease the need for slaves, it actually did the opposite, as plantations could now process much more cotton as a result of the invention. The threshing machine (1784) used the same efficient separation process with the wheat stalk.
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