🚀 Thematic Guides
Theme 1 (NAT) - American and National Identity
Theme 2 (WXT) - Work, Exchange, and Technology
Theme 3 (GEO) - Geography and The Environment
Theme 4 (MIG) - Migration and Settlement
Theme 5 (PCE) - Politics and Power
Theme 7 (ARC) - American and Regional Culture
Theme 8 (SOC): Social Structures
🌽 Unit 1: 1491-1607
1.1Context: European Encounters in the Americas
1.6Cultural Interactions Between Europeans, Native Americans, and Africans
🦃 Unit 2: 1607-1754
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Contextualization
2.3The Regions of the British Colonies
2.5Interactions between Native Americans and Europeans
2.6Slavery in the Colonies
🔫 Unit 3: 1754-1800
3.6The Influence of Revolutionary Ideals
3.10Shaping a New Republic
🐎 Unit 4: 1800-1848
4.2The Rise of Political Parties and the Era of Jefferson
4.3Politics and Regional Interests
4.8Jackson and Federal Power
4.9The Development of an American Culture
4.10The Second Great Awakening
4.11the age of reform
4.12African Americans in the Early Republic
💣 Unit 5: 1844-1877
5.5Sectional Conflict: Regional Differences
5.6Failure of Compromise
5.7Election of 1860 and Secession
5.9Government Policies during the Civil War
🚂 Unit 6: 1865-1898
6.2Westward Expansion: Economic Development
6.3Westward Expansion Social and Cultural Development
6.6The Rise of Industrial Capitalism
6.7Labor in the Gilded Age
6.9Responses to Immigration
🌎 Unit 7: 1890-1945
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Contextualization
7.3The Spanish-American War
7.5World War I: Military and Diplomacy
7.6World War I: Home Front
7.81920s: Cultural and Political Controversies
7.9The Great Depression
7.10The New Deal
7.11Interwar Foreign Policy
7.12World War II: Mobilization
🥶 Unit 8: 1945-1980
8.2The Cold War from 1945-1980
8.3The Red Scare
8.4Economy after 1945
8.6Early Steps in the Civil Rights Movement
8.7America as a World Power
8.8The Vietnam War
8.10The African American Civil Rights Movement
8.11The Expansion of the Civil Rights Movement
📲 Unit 9: 1980-Present
9.0Unit 9 Overview: Contextualization
9.2Reagan and Conservatism
9.3The End of the Cold War
9.6Challenges of the 21st Century
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
📋 Short Answer Questions (SAQ)
⏱️ 2 min read
May 29, 2020
Ideas helped to cause the Revolutionary War. The Enlightenment ideas of Europe had influenced these transplanted British subjects. This period of renewed European thinking in the 1700s emphasized natural, individual rights while questioning authority and kings.
The ideas of European philosophers, such as John Locke (natural rights), Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (separation of powers) began to influence the thinking of Americans. These ideas included individual rights, republicanism, democracy, the separation of powers, equality, a distrust of aristocracy, and an emphasis on science over religion.
Locke, Hobbes and Rousseau all believed in a social contract between the governed and the government. The contract allowed the government to govern while still guaranteeing the right to life, liberty and property. The new thinking of the Enlightenment influenced Ben Franklin, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton in their roles as Founding Fathers.
🎥 Watch: AP US History - Key Documents of the American Revolution
In 1776, Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense, one of the most important pamphlets in history. Paine was a radical who had just arrived from England and was once a poor apprentice.
Common Sense argued that the large land of America should not be controlled by tiny England. The colonists needed to declare independence. It is common sense that the Americans should have their own country and not be controlled by a king far away.
Paine also argued for a republican form of government in which the people ruled and had liberties. Paine frowned upon power that was passed down through heredity and kings. Equality was important in a republic.
The Declaration of Independence, National Archives and Records Administration.
Paine’s Common Sense helped to cause the creation of the Declaration of Independence. The Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia in the summer of 1776 to vote on independence from Britain.
Richard Henry Lee from Virginia made a motion for independence. This motion was passed on July 2, 1776. America now formally declared independence from Britain. But future American fireworks would take place on July 4th. Why?
America needed a written document to explain to the world why it declared independence. This written explanation would also help in obtaining foreign help from other countries in the Revolutionary war.
Thomas Jefferson was appointed to draft the Declaration of Independence. Congress would later edit it. Jefferson would make a list of grievances against King George III, including his taxes. The Declaration of Independence was approved by Congress on July 4, 1776.
🎥 Watch: AP US History - Calls for Independence
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