🚀 Thematic Guides
Theme 1 (NAT) - American and National Identity
Theme 2 (WXT) - Work, Exchange, and Technology
Theme 3 (GEO) - Geography and The Environment
Theme 4 (MIG) - Migration and Settlement
Theme 5 (PCE) - Politics and Power
Theme 7 (ARC) - American and Regional Culture
Theme 8 (SOC): Social Structures
🌽 Unit 1: 1491-1607
1.1Context: European Encounters in the Americas
1.6Cultural Interactions Between Europeans, Native Americans, and Africans
🦃 Unit 2: 1607-1754
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Contextualization
2.3The Regions of the British Colonies
2.5Interactions between Native Americans and Europeans
2.6Slavery in the Colonies
🔫 Unit 3: 1754-1800
3.6The Influence of Revolutionary Ideals
3.10Shaping a New Republic
🐎 Unit 4: 1800-1848
4.2The Rise of Political Parties and the Era of Jefferson
4.3Politics and Regional Interests
4.8Jackson and Federal Power
4.9The Development of an American Culture
4.10The Second Great Awakening
4.11the age of reform
4.12African Americans in the Early Republic
💣 Unit 5: 1844-1877
5.5Sectional Conflict: Regional Differences
5.6Failure of Compromise
5.7Election of 1860 and Secession
5.9Government Policies during the Civil War
🚂 Unit 6: 1865-1898
6.2Westward Expansion: Economic Development
6.3Westward Expansion Social and Cultural Development
6.6The Rise of Industrial Capitalism
6.7Labor in the Gilded Age
6.9Responses to Immigration
🌎 Unit 7: 1890-1945
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Contextualization
7.3The Spanish-American War
7.5World War I: Military and Diplomacy
7.6World War I: Home Front
7.81920s: Cultural and Political Controversies
7.9The Great Depression
7.10The New Deal
7.11Interwar Foreign Policy
7.12World War II: Mobilization
🥶 Unit 8: 1945-1980
8.2The Cold War from 1945-1980
8.3The Red Scare
8.4Economy after 1945
8.6Early Steps in the Civil Rights Movement
8.7America as a World Power
8.8The Vietnam War
8.10The African American Civil Rights Movement
8.11The Expansion of the Civil Rights Movement
📲 Unit 9: 1980-Present
9.0Unit 9 Overview: Contextualization
9.2Reagan and Conservatism
9.3The End of the Cold War
9.6Challenges of the 21st Century
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
📋 Short Answer Questions (SAQ)
⏱️ 2 min read
May 29, 2020
Overall, the weak factors within the Articles made many people feel as though the Articles of Confederation needed to be replaced by a set of laws with a more central authority and a federal government with enforcement power.
To review what could be done about the country's inability to overcome critical problems, George Washington hosted a conference at his home at Mt. Vernon, Virginia. Representatives agreed that the problems were serious enough to hold a meeting later in Annapolis, Maryland so that all the states could be represented. Only five states sent representatives to the Annapolis Convention, but those present agreed that a convention should be held in Philadelphia for the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation.
Congress opted to dismantle the old Articles of Confederation and create a new set of laws. The biggest problem was analyzing how much power to give to each state in representation in Congress.
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention assembled, argued, and finally agreed in this room, styled in the same manner as during the Convention. Photograph of the Assembly Room, Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Wikimedia. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported.
Virginia created a plan that was drafted by James Madison called the Virginia Plan. This plan would give more populous states more power in Congress. By contrast, small New Jersey proposed the New Jersey Plan. This plan wanted one vote for each state, regardless of population.
After much debate, the Great (Connecticut) Compromise was negotiated and established a bicameral Congress. The House of Representatives (Virginia Plan) and the Senate (New Jersey Plan) each had equal representation in Congress but balanced the power of small and large states.
Other compromises were the creation of the Electoral College, the Three-Fifths Compromise and ending the slave trade in 1807. The Constitution was finished on September 17, 1787. However, the Constitution still needed to be ratified by nine of the states, which would not be easy.
Nine states were needed to vote in favor of ratifying the Constitution. Each state would hold special elections to select its members. Each member would be either a Federalist or an Antifederalist.
Federalists were propertied men who believed in a strong central government and did not believe in states rights. Antifederalists were largely rural farmers who were proponents of states rights and were opposed to a strong central government.
Delaware and Pennsylvania were the first two states to ratify in December of 1787. Massachusetts ratified only after the promise of a Bill of Rights to ensure the preservation of individual liberties. The Bill of Rights helped tipped the balance because it satisfied the antifederalists' concern that a federal government could infringe on citizen's rights. 🎥 Watch: APUSH - Hamilton v. Jefferson
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