All Subjects



AP Hug



Unit 7

7.5 Theories of Development

2 min readapril 1, 2020


Harrison Burnside

AP Human Geography 🚜

Bookmarked 5.8k • 306 resources
See Units

Rostow's Stages of Development

Rostow’s Stages of Development is a model that analyzes the 5 steps that it takes to move from an agricultural society to a service-based economy. His main assumption in creating the model was that each country had some kind of comparative advantage. Critics of this model state that it does not account for colonial legacy or government corruption in developing countries.
The Five Stages Are:
  • Traditional Society
    • The economy is focused on primary production and has little technical knowledge.
  • Preconditions to Takeoff
    • The country’s leadership begins to invest in infrastructure with some technical knowledge to stimulate the economy.
  • Takeoff
    • Economy shifts to industrialization and some labor shifts to factories with new urban infrastructure.
  • Drive to Maturity
    • Technical advancements power a country where workers mostly get skill-based education.
  • High Mass Consumption
    • Technical knowledge and education levels are high and an industrial trade economy develops.

Wallerstein's World Systems Theory

Wallerstein’s World Systems Theory attempts to explain the relationship between the core and periphery countries. This image below basically shows how the core benefits from the periphery and semi-periphery. This image also shows how the semi-periphery can benefit from the periphery while still benefiting the core.

Image Courtesy of Medium


The Dependency Theory

The Dependency Theory holds that Less Developed Countries (LDCs) are highly dependent on foreign factories and technologies from More Developed Countries (MDCs) to provide employment and infrastructure. The LDCs in this theory get stuck in the continuous cycle of dependency on the MDCs which never allow their economies to fully develop.
Watch this video here for more on theories of development.


Was this guide helpful?

Join us on Discord
Thousands of students are studying with us for the AP Human Geography exam.
join now
Hours Logo
Studying with Hours = the ultimate focus mode
Start a free study session
🔍 Are you ready for college apps?
Take this quiz and find out!
Start Quiz
Browse Study Guides By Unit
📆Big Reviews: Finals & Exam Prep
✍️Free Response Questions (FRQ)
✏️Frequently Asked Questions
🧐Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
🗺Unit 1: Thinking Geographically
👪Unit 2: Population & Migration
🕌Unit 3: Cultural Patterns & Processes
🗳Unit 4: Political Patterns & Processes
👨‍🌾Unit 5: Agriculture & Rural Land-Use
🌇Unit 6: Cities & Urban Land-Use
💸Unit 7: Industrial & Economic Development
FREE AP hug Survival Pack + Cram Chart PDF
Sign up now for instant access to 2 amazing downloads to help you get a 5
Join us on Discord
Thousands of students are studying with us for the AP Human Geography exam.
join now
💪🏽 Are you ready for the AP HuG exam?
Take this quiz for a progress check on what you’ve learned this year and get a personalized study plan to grab that 5!