Rostow’s Stages of Development is a model that analyzes the 5 steps that it takes to move from an agricultural society to a service-based economy. His main assumption in creating the model was that each country had some kind of comparative advantage. Critics of this model state that it does not account for colonial legacy or government corruption in developing countries.
The Five Stages Are:
The economy is focused on primary production and has little technical knowledge.
Preconditions to Takeoff
The country’s leadership begins to invest in infrastructure with some technical knowledge to stimulate the economy.
Economy shifts to industrialization and some labor shifts to factories with new urban infrastructure.
Drive to Maturity
Technical advancements power a country where workers mostly get skill-based education.
High Mass Consumption
Technical knowledge and education levels are high and an industrial trade economy develops.
Wallerstein’s World Systems Theory attempts to explain the relationship between the core and periphery countries. This image below basically shows how the core benefits from the periphery and semi-periphery. This image also shows how the semi-periphery can benefit from the periphery while still benefiting the core.
Image Courtesy of Medium
The Dependency Theory holds that Less Developed Countries (LDCs) are highly dependent on foreign factories and technologies from More Developed Countries (MDCs) to provide employment and infrastructure. The LDCs in this theory get stuck in the continuous cycle of dependency on the MDCs which never allow their economies to fully develop.
Watch this video here for more on theories of development.
🙏 Free Reviews 2020
🗺 Unit 1: Thinking Geographically
1.1Introduction to Maps and Types of Maps
1.5Humans and Environmental Interaction
👪 Unit 2: Population & Migration
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Population and Migration Patterns and Processes
2.5The Demographic Transition Model
2.6Malthusian Theory and Geography
2.10Push and Pull Factors in Migration
🕌 Unit 3: Cultural Patterns & Processes
3.1Introduction to Culture
3.4Types of Cultural Diffusion
3.7Diffusion of Religion and Language
🗳 Unit 4: Political Patterns & Processes
👨🌾 Unit 5: Agriculture & Rural Land-Use
5.0Unit 5 Overview: Agriculture and Rural Land-Use Patterns and Processes
5.1Introduction to Agriculture
5.2Settlement Patterns and Survey Methods
5.3Agricultural Origins and Diffusions
5.6Agricultural Production Regions
5.7Spatial Organization of Agriculture
5.9The Global System of Agriculture
5.10Consequences of Agricultural Practices
5.11Challenges of Contemporary Agriculture
🌇 Unit 6: Cities & Urban Land-Use
6.2Cities Across the World
6.4The Size and Distribution of Cities
6.5The Internal Structure of Cities
💸 Unit 7: Industrial & Economic Development
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Industrial and Economic Development Patterns and Processes
7.3Measures of Development
7.4Women and Economic Development
7.5Theories of Development
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
Exam: Human Geography Multiple Choice
AP Human Geography Multiple Choice Help (MCQ)
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