Danna Esther Gelfand
Sense of place is the perception based on our emotional connection and association to a certain place).
Placelessness is the similarity of places of popular cultures everywhere and the loss of a place’s unique identity due to the influence of popular culture and globalization.
Popular culture promotes uniformity in landscape, lack of traditional value or cultural uniqueness due to widespread popularity of specific ideas, places, etc. For instance chain fast food restaurants being located within close proximity to each other. Skyscrapers diffuse signifying modern, urban, city landscapes.
Environmental determinism was theorized by Ellworth Huntinton who stated that the physical environment controls/determines behavior among humans. This theory has a few implications such that it does not consider that the main location of cultural hearths is in lower latitude regions and citizens in tropical civilizations have established advanced societies which counters this interpretation.
Possibilism states that the physical environment establishes limitations of the possibilities of populations. This theory is more accepted than environmental determinism yet does not explain how we have flourished beyond our environment to progress, innovate, and evolve technologically.
Cultural determinism states that the environment does not play a role towards determining human behaviors or placing restrictions but rather humans place their own cultural restrictions. A culture region is a portion of earth's surface with inhabitant populations sharing distinctive cultural characteristics.
Differences among cultural groups are greater than differences among individuals of a certain cultural group. Environment forms culture.
Western cultures and more developed countries (MDCs) are dominant in their popular cultural trends including the US, U.K, and Japan in regards to television broadcasting, social media, music, industry, fashion, etc. LDCs (less developed countries).
Indigenous languages such as Basque, Welsh, Quechua, etc struggle to be maintained however increased nationalism, tourism, and governmental policies allow minority languages to be kept despite the rise of globalization (in some circumstances). There are also extinct languages due to globalization including Latin. Additionally, endangered languages like Yiddish.
In order to support the growth of popular cultures, resources must be acquired to supply the demand which leads to pollution, environmental degradation, use of nonrenewable resources such as fossil fuels which place harm on the future as well in terms of global warming, greed amongst big businesses and corporations, destruction of traditional historic landscapes, etc.
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