Globalization means the world is shrinking figuratively. People and places that are far away can interact more due to technology. Airplanes, cars, and the internet have caused our world to become smaller and more accessible. Technology promotes globalization by promoting diffusion across far away places.
When analyzing diffusion and globalization, it is important to identify different regions. Regions can be recognized on a global, national, or local level.
Toponym: name given to a place on Earth
“The house of 653 Trechdell Dr.”
Site: physical character of a place (climate, water sources, vegetation)
On a hill, fertile garden, near a river
Situation: location of a place relative to other places
“My house is next to the YMCA and Tusculum Elementary.”
Formal region: area where everyone shares one unique characteristic
The characteristic can be a common language, climate, political party
Functional region: area organized around a hub
The hub can be the center of the city that attracts people
Downtown is the hub of most cities
TV stations have a main hub where all signals are emitted
Vernacular region: area that emerges from a sense of place, people believe the area exists because of culture
Southern USA is a vernacular region
People have different definitions of the South including which states are “in the South”
Definitions are within the same general area
We’ve laid out the foundation of Human Geography. You’re now ready to go on and explore the rest of the course!
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