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Unit 1

1.7 Regional Analysis

2 min readโ€ขapril 30, 2020

Sana Fatah

Region Types

Globalization means the world is shrinking figuratively. People and places that are far away can interact more due to technology. Airplanes, cars, and the internet have caused our world to become smaller and more accessible. Technology promotes globalization by promoting diffusion across far away places.

When analyzing diffusion and globalization, it is important to identify different regions. Regions can be recognized on a global, national, or local level.ย 

  • Toponym: name given to a place on Earth

    • โ€œThe house of 653 Trechdell Dr.โ€

  • Site: physical character of a place (climate, water sources, vegetation)

    • On a hill, fertile garden, near a river


  • Situation: location of a place relative to other places

    • โ€œMy house is next to the YMCA and Tusculum Elementary.โ€

  • Formal region: area where everyone shares one unique characteristic

    • The characteristic can be a common language, climate, political partyย 

  • Functional region: area organized around a hub

    • The hub can be the center of the city that attracts people

    • Downtown is the hub of most cities

    • TV stations have a main hub where all signals are emitted


  • Vernacular region: area that emerges from a sense of place, people believe the area exists because of culture

    • Southern USA is a vernacular region

    • People have different definitions of the South including which states are โ€œin the Southโ€

    • Definitions are within the same general area

Weโ€™ve laid out the foundation of Human Geography. Youโ€™re now ready to go on and explore the rest of the course!

๐ŸŽฅ Watch: AP HUG - Scales of Analysis


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Unit 2: Population & Migration

Unit 3: Cultural Patterns & Processes

Unit 4: Political Patterns & Processes

Unit 5: Agriculture & Rural Land-Use

Unit 6: Cities & Urban Land-Use

Unit 7: Industrial & Economic Development