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👨‍🌾  Unit 5: Agriculture & Rural Land-Use

6.9 Urban Data

#dataanalysis

#urbanlanduse

#cities

⏱️  2 min read

written by

Harrison Burnside

harrison burnside

June 2, 2020


Quantitative Data: The Census

The Census is a form of Quantitative data that describes information about changes in urban areas using numbers and figures. The Census is taken every 10 years in the United States and just happened in 2020! The Census has 9 main questions about basic demographics: who lives in the household; how they are related; their age, sex, and race; whether they own or rent their house; and their phone number. With this data from the census, lawmakers can create maps to look at residential and racial segregation. We can also create maps that look at the average income, or at the average age of a neighborhood. Below is a map generated with data from the 2010 Census about Residential Segregation in New York City.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-oAbv0479zfdh.jpg?alt=media&token=78dff525-428d-4b3f-a407-289fde70b2f9

Source: The New York Times

Qualitative Data: Field Studies & Maps

Looking at that Map above, that isn’t exactly quantitative data…. The map isn’t displaying a number that can be made into averages and the data does not have any other quantitative characteristics… The type of data shown in the map is qualitative

Qualitative Data about Urban Areas can also be collected in the Census and other Field Studies conducted. Maps are a probable stimulus (to see on the AP Exam in an FRQ or MCQ question) to show data collected about urban areas, just like the one shown above. Maps commonly show ethnicity of neighborhoods and other characteristics like predominant gender.

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