🙏 Free Reviews 2020
🗺 Unit 1: Thinking Geographically
1.1Introduction to Maps and Types of Maps
1.5Humans and Environmental Interaction
👪 Unit 2: Population & Migration
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Population and Migration Patterns and Processes
2.5The Demographic Transition Model
2.6Malthusian Theory and Geography
2.10Push and Pull Factors in Migration
🕌 Unit 3: Cultural Patterns & Processes
3.1Introduction to Culture
3.4Types of Cultural Diffusion
3.7Diffusion of Religion and Language
🗳 Unit 4: Political Patterns & Processes
👨🌾 Unit 5: Agriculture & Rural Land-Use
5.0Unit 5 Overview: Agriculture and Rural Land-Use Patterns and Processes
5.1Introduction to Agriculture
5.2Settlement Patterns and Survey Methods
5.3Agricultural Origins and Diffusions
5.6Agricultural Production Regions
5.7Spatial Organization of Agriculture
5.9The Global System of Agriculture
5.10Consequences of Agricultural Practices
5.11Challenges of Contemporary Agriculture
🌇 Unit 6: Cities & Urban Land-Use
6.2Cities Across the World
6.4The Size and Distribution of Cities
6.5The Internal Structure of Cities
💸 Unit 7: Industrial & Economic Development
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Industrial and Economic Development Patterns and Processes
7.3Measures of Development
7.4Women and Economic Development
7.5Theories of Development
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
AP Human Geography Multiple Choice Help (MCQ)
Human Geography Multiple Choice Questions
✍️ Free Response Questions (FRQ)
April 30, 2020
A greying population can be signs of trouble:
A number of countries have a high percentage of people that are in or near retirement age (60 or older). This can happen for a number of reasons and have some serious consequences in those regions.
Countries that are in stage four and five of the demographic transition model have lower birth rates, but higher death rates than countries in stages two and three. Less people are in their childbearing years. These countries tend to have more women who are educated. For these reasons the birth rates are lower.
With better health care more people are living into their 70s and 80s, but this causes the death rate to rise, because of the large number of older people. When these countries are in stage five of the DTM, they have a negative natural increase rate, which means their populations are decreasing.
Countries that are in stage four and five are more developed and therefore have long life expectancies.
There are political consequences, because older people tend to vote more. They also are more concerned about health care issues, because it more directly affects them.
Therefore, politicians need to garner support from older people, handle issues like health care more directly, and possibly even have more elderly in office.
There are also social consequences. Besides health care, things like housing for the older generations need to be addressed. Countries with older populations need to invest in retirement homes and have more people to help care for the elderly.
Family compositions can change, too, as sons and daughters need to help pay for and/or care for their older parents. This can lead to severe economic consequences as well.
Lastly, there are economic consequences. With more older people and lower birth rates, you have less people in the workforce. This can lead to lower production, which will lead to less money being made. That is doubly bad when you consider how many people will have to use part of that money caring for the elderly family members.
With the government spending more money on taking care of older people, less money will be spent in other areas - education, technology, innovation, arts, etc.
🎥 Watch: AP HUG - Population Pyramids
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