This section relates into the previous section on how economic factors affect agricultural practices, except in this section we will look into even more complex examples of this subject matter. Here’s what we’ll be focusing on:
Large-scale commercial agriculture
How are they impacting family farms?
Complex commodity chains
How is production and consumption linked?
How has technology affected economies in agriculture and carrying capacity?
It’s depleting small family farms! Large scale farming has taken over small farms as they take up vast amounts of land, utilize large machinery, and use factory-type labor forces to produce their goods for sale.
As sad as this may sound, few regions still have entirely pure subsistence economies. Even if they tried selling some of their products to markets to withstand the power of large-scale commercial agricultural companies, it is impossible for poor farmers to afford the fertilizers or modified seeds needed for efficient crop production.
As a result, many farmers leave rural areas to find jobs in urban centers, and their family farms are contracted out to larger commercial corporations. This just shows how large a role economy plays in the continuation and/or change of agricultural practices overtime.
A commodity chain is essentially an organized network of labor and production processes, which starts with the extraction or production of raw materials and concludes with the transportation of the finished product/commodity to the market. One such commodity chain is a food chain, and is composed of five processes:
Technology has allowed us to increase production significantly, which in turn, has lowered the cost of producing bulk of something (that is one reason why buying an 8 pack of water may cost $2 while buying a 32 pack of the same brand just costs $3 or $4).
With this advancement, however, LDCs have been unable to go past subsistence levels because they don’t have a suitable amount of land to grow in bulk, and as a result, their production costs remain high.
🎥 Watch: AP HUG - Spatial Organization
🙏 Free Reviews 2020
🗺 Unit 1: Thinking Geographically
1.1Introduction to Maps and Types of Maps
1.5Humans and Environmental Interaction
👪 Unit 2: Population & Migration
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Population and Migration Patterns and Processes
2.5The Demographic Transition Model
2.6Malthusian Theory and Geography
2.10Push and Pull Factors in Migration
🕌 Unit 3: Cultural Patterns & Processes
3.1Introduction to Culture
3.4Types of Cultural Diffusion
3.7Diffusion of Religion and Language
🗳 Unit 4: Political Patterns & Processes
👨🌾 Unit 5: Agriculture & Rural Land-Use
5.0Unit 5 Overview: Agriculture and Rural Land-Use Patterns and Processes
5.1Introduction to Agriculture
5.2Settlement Patterns and Survey Methods
5.3Agricultural Origins and Diffusions
5.6Agricultural Production Regions
5.7Spatial Organization of Agriculture
5.9The Global System of Agriculture
5.10Consequences of Agricultural Practices
5.11Challenges of Contemporary Agriculture
🌇 Unit 6: Cities & Urban Land-Use
6.2Cities Across the World
6.4The Size and Distribution of Cities
6.5The Internal Structure of Cities
💸 Unit 7: Industrial & Economic Development
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Industrial and Economic Development Patterns and Processes
7.3Measures of Development
7.4Women and Economic Development
7.5Theories of Development
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
Exam: Human Geography Multiple Choice
AP Human Geography Multiple Choice Help (MCQ)
✍️ Free Response Questions (FRQ)
APHUG Practice Prompt Answers & Feedback
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