The government has responded to the social movements in many different ways. For example, they can respond by initiating new legislation or policies in response to the needs and desires of the citizens.
An example of this is in the 1954 court case of Brown v. Board of Education. In 1951, 20 families in Kansas filed a suit against the Topeka’s board of education for school segregation. In the district court, segregation was held up by the principles of Plessy v. Ferguson which stated that “separate but equal”. The families appealed to the Supreme Court where there was a unanimous decision to require desegregation in schools across the country. This led to the phrase changing to “separate is inherently unequal.”
The Voting Rights Act of 1975 is another example of federal response. This act was designed to decrease voting discrimination in the South, by allowing the federal government to register voters in states with less than 50% of the eligible population not registered. This is important because this process is usually a power of the state not the federal government.
Another example is Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972. Title IX is a federal law that prohibits discrimination of sex in any federally funded education program or activity. This was a major win for the women’s rights movement, as it lessened discrimination of girls within schools.
🎥 Watch: AP GOPO - 14th Amendment and Strict Scrutiny
🙏 Free Reviews 2020
Required Founding Documents
Required Supreme Court Cases
🏛 Unit 1: Foundations of American Democracy
1.5Ratification of the U.S. Constitution
1.7Relationship Between States and the Federal Government
1.8Constitutional Interpretations of Federalism
⚖️ Unit 2: Interactions Among Branches of Government
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Interactions Among Branches of Government
2.2Structures, Powers, and Functions of Congress
2.4Roles and Power of the President
2.8The Judicial Branch
2.11Checks on the Judicial Branch
✊ Unit 3: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
3.2First Amendment: Freedom of Religion
3.6Amendments: Balancing Individual Freedom with Public Order and Safety
3.7Selective Incorporation & the 14th Amendment
3.8Amendments: Due Process and the Rights of the Accused
3.11Government Responses to Social Movements
🐘 Unit 4: American Political Ideologies and Beliefs
🗳 Unit 5: Political Participation
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
✍️ Free Response Questions (FRQ)
AP Gov FRQ: Argument Essay Review (2020)
FRQ: SCOTUS Application
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