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Unit 3

3.5 Population Growth and Resource Availability

1 min readapril 29, 2020

Karla Jauregui Sandoval


Population Growth refers to the rate a population can grow however it is limited by the availability of resources in a habitat, space and competition between species. Species with more offspring outcompete the species with the slower population growth rate. 

Exponential Growth 

An exponential growth is when populations grow at their intrinsic rate of increase (r) and are limited by resource increase by a fixed rate each year.  This type of exponential growth is described using a J Curve because of the shape of the accelerated growth rate. An example of a species with an exponential growth is bacteria. The population size of bacteria grows exponentially because there are no limiting factors on their growth.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2Fexpon.JPG?alt=media&token=4a40a03c-8475-46ae-8901-dda7403db0f3

Diagram Courtesy of Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 

Logistic Growth

A logistic population growth model shows a population exponentially growing until environmental resistance such as limited factors make it reach its carrying capacity. The population growth makes an S shaped curve.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2Flog.JPG?alt=media&token=c3575771-c566-40fe-baf8-ec3ed3bb1df8

Diagram Courtesy of Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 

🎥 Watch this video here to view more about this key topic and its relation to other topics in this unit.

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