Let’s dive deeper into the idea of the safety of society versus individual rights that we have highlighted throughout this unit review.
The Supreme Court ⚖️ has aimed to create a balance by creating laws and regulations in order to preserve individual freedoms and public order and safety.
The Eighth Amendment is an example of this balance ⚖. This amendment states that “excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.”
The cruel and unusual punishment clause is a clause that is most common. This clause has much debate when regarding the death penalty because of the polarized opinions 👊 on both sides.
While the courts have set limits on when the death penalty can be applied, it has upheld the constitutionality of it and has made it easier for states to carry out the death penalty by limiting the number of appeals allowed.
The Fourth Amendment, which limits the power of the government to search for criminal activity, is another example.
It provides the right of people and their belongings to be secure in their homes against unreasonable search and seizure.
There must be probable cause before the judge can issue a search warrant 📑, which limits where the police 🚓 can search and take evidence. When these rules are not followed, the evidence that is found may not be allowed in the trial because of the exclusionary rule 🙅🏻, a rule that prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence.
🎥 Watch: AP GOPO - Civil Liberties and Rights
🙏 Free Reviews 2020
Required Supreme Court Cases
🏛 Unit 1: Foundations of American Democracy
1.5Ratification of the U.S. Constitution
1.7Relationship Between States and the Federal Government
1.8Constitutional Interpretations of Federalism
⚖️ Unit 2: Interactions Among Branches of Government
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Interactions Among Branches of Government
2.2Structures, Powers, and Functions of Congress
2.4Roles and Power of the President
2.8The Judicial Branch
2.11Checks on the Judicial Branch
✊ Unit 3: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
3.2First Amendment: Freedom of Religion
3.6Amendments: Balancing Individual Freedom with Public Order and Safety
3.7Selective Incorporation & the 14th Amendment
3.8Amendments: Due Process and the Rights of the Accused
3.11Government Responses to Social Movements
🐘 Unit 4: American Political Ideologies and Beliefs
🗳 Unit 5: Political Participation
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
✍️ Free Response Questions (FRQ)
AP Gov FRQ: Argument Essay Review (2020)
FRQ: Conceptual Analysis
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