🔎 Unit 1: Scientific Foundations of Psychology
1.0Unit 1 Overview: Scientific Foundations of Psychology
1.1Introducing Psychology: The Historical Progression of Psychology
1.2Research Methods in Psychology
1.3The Experimental Method
1.5Statistical Analysis in Psychology
🧠 Unit 2: Biological Bases of Behavior
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Biological Bases of Behavior
2.1Interaction of Heredity and Environment
2.3Overview of the Nervous System and the Neuron
2.7Tools for Examining Brain Structure and Function
2.8The Adaptable Brain: Neural Fluidity
👀 Unit 3: Sensation and Perception
3.0Unit 3 Overview: Sensation and Perception
3.1Principles of Sensation
3.2Principles of Perception
3.5Auditory Sensation and Perception
📚 Unit 4: Learning
4.0Unit 4 Overview: Learning
🤔 Unit 5: Cognitive Psychology
5.0Unit 5 Overview: Cognitive Psychology
5.1Introduction to Memory
5.5Forgetting and Memory Distortion
5.6Biological Bases of Memory
5.7Introduction to Thinking and Problem Solving
5.8Biases and Errors in Thinking
5.9Introduction to Intelligence
5.10Psychometric Principles and Intelligence Testing
👶 Unit 6: Developmental Psychology
6.0Unit 6 Overview: Developmental Psychology
6.1The Lifespan and Physical Development in Childhood
6.2Social Development in Childhood
6.3Cognitive Development in Childhood
6.5Adulthood and Aging
🤪 Unit 7: Motivation, Emotion, & Personality
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Motivation, Emotion, and Personality
7.1Theories of Motivation
7.2Specific Topics in Motivation
7.3Theories of Emotion
7.4Stress and Coping
7.5Introduction to Personality
7.6Psychoanalytic Theories of Personality
7.7Behaviorism and Social Cognitive Theories of Personality
7.8Humanistic Theories of Personality
7.9Trait Theories of Personality
🛋 Unit 8: Clinical Psychology
8.0Unit 8 Overview: Clinical Psychology
8.1Introduction to Psychological Disorders
8.2Psychological Perspectives and Etiology of Disorders
8.3Neurodevelopmental and Schizophrenic Spectrum Disorders
8.4Bipolar, Depressive, Anxiety, and Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
8.5Trauma- and Stressor Related, Dissociative, and Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders
8.6Feeding and Eating, Substance and Addictive, and Personality Disorders
8.7Introduction to Treatment of Psychological Disorders
8.8Psychological Perspectives and Treatment of Disorders
8.9Treatment of Disorders from the Biological Perspective
👫 Unit 9: Social Psychology
9.0Unit 9 Overview: Social Psychology
9.1Attribution Theory and Person Perception
9.2Attitude Formation and Attitude Change
9.3Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience
9.4Group Influences on Behavior and Mental Processes
9.5Bias, Prejudice, and Discrimination
9.6Altruism and Aggression
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
✍️ Free Response Questions (FRQ)
⏱️ 3 min read
November 11, 2020
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a key example of trauma-rooted anxiety disorder.
Individuals with PTSD may have triggers that provoke anxiety or flashbacks from a traumatic event in the past. Intrusive thoughts and emotions stemming from these previous events may be present, causing a disruption in daily functioning.
Usually those that are survivors of accidents, assaults, and war experience extreme PTSD and cannot overcome their past traumas. The greater their trauma, the higher the risk for PTSD.
Image Courtesy of The Blackberry Center.
Just like there are critics for ADHD, critics of PTSD believe that it is overdiagnosed and say that there is no true definition of "trauma" by claiming it's too vague of a term. However, traumatic events affect everyone differently.
Those that don't develop PTSD experience survivor resiliency and "what doesn't kill you makes you stronger" is a true term 💪 Usually after a traumatic event, people bounce back and experience a stronger self. This is called posttraumatic growth (positive changes after a hard time or life crisis).
Derived from the previously mentioned somatogenic etiology, Somatic Symptom Disorder is when a person is fixated on physical symptoms to the point where their emotional health is affected. Reactions to physical pain may be disruptive to daily functioning and exaggerated.
Examples include vomiting, dizziness, and blurred vision, and all of these would lead to severe pain.
Conversion disorder, or functional neurological symptom disorder, is where a person experiences physical symptoms for no reason. A person may lose function somewhere and it makes no physiological sense.
A few examples of this are unexplained paralysis and blindness.
Illness anxiety disorder, or hypochondriasis, is where someone interprets their regular physical symptoms as a sign of disease. This is where the term "hypochondriac" comes from.
Image Courtesy of Nahyun Kim.
A dissociative disorder is defined as a disruption causing inconsistencies in consciousness. A person may have memory loss or a complete change in identity.
The most common dissociative disorder is psychogenic amnesia, which has no physiological cause. Information is most commonly erased after a traumatic or stressful event related to a time, place, or person is endured.
Dissociative fugue is similar to psychogenic amnesia, except that individuals are in a completely unfamiliar environment with no recollection. Theories attribute this to psychological stress. An example of this is a veteran disappearing and then appearing somewhere new and having no memory of anything.
The most controversial dissociative disorder is Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD). Most commonly rooted in trauma, alternate personalities are used to cope when the stress and/or pain is too intense. It is very rare and those with DID have two, completely different personalities.
A man named Nicholas Spanos conducted studies investigating DID and what it really is. Since DID patients were easily hypnotizable, it raised questions about the hypnotic state.
Other researchers found that in one personality, DID patients would have better vision or more activity in certain parts of their brain.
Generally, psychologists agree that DID is a way to deal with anxiety, but no one really knows much about it.
Image Courtesy of did-research.
🎥Watch: AP Psychology—Anxiety Disorders
2550 north lake drive
milwaukee, wi 53211
92% of Fiveable students earned a 3 or higher on their 2020 AP Exams.
*ap® and advanced placement® are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.
© fiveable 2020 | all rights reserved.