The one thing you need to know about this theme:
Development is a complex process that occurs throughout the human lifespan from conception to death. Like most things in psychology, nothing is black and white. Modern day approaches view human development as the result of complex interactions between a variety of factors.
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According to the College Board, “Developmental psychology encompasses the study of the behavior of organisms from conception to death. In this unit, students will learn to examine the processes that contribute to behavioral change throughout a person’s life. The major areas of emphasis in the course include prenatal development 👶, motor development ⚙️, socialization 🗣️, cognitive development 🧠, adolescence, and adulthood."
"Developmental psychologists seek to understand how changes in our biology and social situations over a lifespan influence our behaviors and mental processes. Development can be studied from several different perspectives, including biological or cognitive perspectives. Developmental psychologists may focus on one or more developmental periods or the entire course of a lifespan, using cross-sectional and longitudinal research methods.”
How do we understand and perceive ourselves?
|Fetal Alcohol Syndrome||Maturation||Pruning||Infantile Amnesia||Imprinting||Critical period|
|Secure Attachment||Insecure Attachment||Authoritarian Parenting||Authoritative Parenting||Permissive Parenting||Psychosexual Stages|
|Object Permanence||Conservation||Operational Thinking||Stranger Anxiety||Egocentrism||Theory of Mind|
|Autism Spectrum Disorder||Zone of Proximal Development||More Knowledgeable Other||Scaffolding||Adolescence||Middle Adulthood|
|Later Adulthood||Psychosocial Stages of Development||Menopause||Social Clock||Moral Reasoning||Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Reasoning|
|Sex chromosomes||Primary Sex Characteristics||Secondary Sex Characteristics||Intersex||Sexual Orientation||Fruit Fly Studies|
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Developmental psychology is a field in psychology that focuses on the human lifespan from conception to death. It looks at how embryos develop into infancy and how infants develop throughout childhood into adolescence, and, finally adulthood.
There are a few key debates that dominate the field of developmental psychology:
Nature vs. Nurture: Is our physical, psychological, emotional, and social development the result of genetic inheritance, or our experiences as we grow? Modern psychologists typically understand development as a result of the interaction between both of these factors.
Continuity vs. Stages: Is development continuous and fluid or does it happen in concrete, fixed stages? Although plenty of research suggests that development occurs on a gradual spectrum, there are clear developmental stages and milestones to consider.
Stability vs. Change: What aspects of our personality remain stable throughout our development and which change over time? Certain personality traits have been found to be relatively stable, even throughout adulthood and childhood. However, it is true that people change and our personalities develop and mature as we grow.
When studying human development, cross-sectional studies (in which different people of different ages are compared to one another) and longitudinal studies (in which the same sample group of people is studied over a long period of time) are most useful.
As you may remember from the unit on Research Methods, longitudinal studies are beneficial since they minimize confounding variables, variables unrelated to the study, due to individual differences like age or height. However, longitudinal studies take a long time and carry the risk of people dropping out or losing touch over time.
Cross-sectional studies are faster to conduct than longitudinal research, but they open up the possibility for more confounding variables. Differences in data between a 12 year old and a 22 year old could be developmentally significant, but could also be the effect of confounding variables as well.
🔎 Unit 1: Scientific Foundations of Psychology
1.0Unit 1 Overview: Scientific Foundations of Psychology
1.1Introducing Psychology: The Historical Progression of Psychology
1.2Research Methods in Psychology
1.3The Experimental Method
1.5Statistical Analysis in Psychology
🧠 Unit 2: Biological Bases of Behavior
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Biological Bases of Behavior
2.1Interaction of Heredity and Environment
2.3Overview of the Nervous System and the Neuron
2.7Tools for Examining Brain Structure and Function
2.8The Adaptable Brain: Neural Fluidity
👀 Unit 3: Sensation and Perception
3.0Unit 3 Overview: Sensation and Perception
3.1Principles of Sensation
3.2Principles of Perception
3.5Auditory Sensation and Perception
📚 Unit 4: Learning
4.0Unit 4 Overview: Learning
🤔 Unit 5: Cognitive Psychology
5.0Unit 5 Overview: Cognitive Psychology
5.1Introduction to Memory
5.5Forgetting and Memory Distortion
5.6Biological Bases of Memory
5.7Introduction to Thinking and Problem Solving
5.8Biases and Errors in Thinking
5.9Introduction to Intelligence
5.10Psychometric Principles and Intelligence Testing
👶 Unit 6: Developmental Psychology
6.0sUnit 6 Overview: Developmental Psychology
6.1The Lifespan and Physical Development in Childhood
6.2Social Development in Childhood
6.3Cognitive Development in Childhood
6.5Adulthood and Aging
🤪 Unit 7: Motivation, Emotion, & Personality
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Motivation, Emotion, and Personality
7.1Theories of Motivation
7.2Specific Topics in Motivation
7.3Theories of Emotion
7.4Stress and Coping
7.5Introduction to Personality
7.6Psychoanalytic Theories of Personality
7.7Behaviorism and Social Cognitive Theories of Personality
7.8Humanistic Theories of Personality
7.9Trait Theories of Personality
🛋 Unit 8: Clinical Psychology
8.0Unit 8 Overview: Clinical Psychology
8.1Introduction to Psychological Disorders
8.2Psychological Perspectives and Etiology of Disorders
8.3Neurodevelopmental and Schizophrenic Spectrum Disorders
8.4Bipolar, Depressive, Anxiety, and Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
8.5Trauma- and Stressor Related, Dissociative, and Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders
8.6Feeding and Eating, Substance and Addictive, and Personality Disorders
8.7Introduction to Treatment of Psychological Disorders
8.8Psychological Perspectives and Treatment of Disorders
8.9Treatment of Disorders from the Biological Perspective
👫 Unit 9: Social Psychology
9.0Unit 9 Overview: Social Psychology
9.1Attribution Theory and Person Perception
9.2Attitude Formation and Attitude Change
9.3Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience
9.4Group Influences on Behavior and Mental Processes
9.5Bias, Prejudice, and Discrimination
9.6Altruism and Aggression
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
✍️ Free Response Questions (FRQ)
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