๐Ÿ“š

All Subjects

ย >ย 

๐Ÿ–ผย 

AP Art History

ย >ย 

๐ŸŒฝ

Unit 5

5.1 Indigenous Americas, 1000 BCE-1980 CE Period Characteristics

2 min readโ€ขoctober 29, 2020

cait

Cait Levin

charly511115

Charly Castillo


AP Art Historyย ๐Ÿ–ผ

Bookmarkedย 882ย โ€ขย 34ย resources
See Units

Unit 5 Overview

We're finally done with unit 4 (whew ๐Ÿ˜…), and now, we're going to move on to some of the cultures that weren't covered in that section. In unit 5, we'll be exploring works made by indigenous (native) American artists, both before and after European colonization (pre-Columbian and post-Columbian), and see how the region's distinctive cultures have influenced the art made there.
As we go through this unit, be sure to make note of the similarities and differences that you see between these works and those made by mestizo (part indigenous, part European) artists in Unit 4. Some good works from the last unit for comparison would be Portrait of Sor Juana Inรฉs de la Cruz by Miguel Cabrera, Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in Alameda Central Park by Diego Rivera, and The Two Fridas by Frida Kahlo.
So, now that you have an idea of what to expect and what to do, let's get into the history of unit 5!

Resources:

Contextualization (AKA the Historical Background) ๐ŸŒŽ

When talking about the indigenous Americas, we're referring to the nations that are in present-day North (which includes Central) and South America. In the AP Art History course, these continents are split into two chronological and geographical regions called Ancient America and Native North America. Ancient America refers to works made in Mexico, Central, and South America that were created before 1550 CE (the end of the Age of Discovery โ›ต), and all works made after that belong to the Later Americas (AKA unit 4). This region is further divided into subregions called Mesoamerica, Central America, and Andean South America, which we'll get into more later. Native North America refers to the indigenous people of the United States and Canada. As you can see, geography ๐Ÿ—บ๏ธ is super important in this unit, so be sure to take notes on everything we've gone over so far.
Before European expansion into the Americas, each of these subregions had thriving empires and civilizations ๐Ÿ˜๏ธ, but most of them were overthrown and taken by conquistadors (conquerers) from Spain ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ, and explorers from other (mainly European) nations. Although these conquerors brought many negative things to the Americas, including diseases and enslavement, they also introduced the continents to European art and artistic traditions. Eventually, these distinct cultures fused together in a process called syncretism (the merging of different beliefs and ideas) and began to affect the art made in the Americas.
****We see this in both unit 4 and several later works of unit 5.
Be sure to look out for both traditional, indigenous American techniques and European influence as we start looking at the works of this unit. Now, without further ado, the works of unit 5!

Resources:

Was this guide helpful?

Join us on Discord
Thousands of students are studying with us for the AP Art History exam.
join now
Hours Logo
Studying with Hours = the ultimate focus mode
Start a free study session
๐Ÿ” Are you ready for college apps?
Take this quiz and find out!
Start Quiz
Browse Study Guides By Unit
๐Ÿ™Exam Reviews
๐ŸขUnit 10: Global Contemporary, 1980 ce to Present
๐Ÿ—ฟUnit 1: Global Prehistory, 30,000โ€“500 bce
๐Ÿ›Unit 2: Ancient Mediterranean, 3500 bceโ€“300 ce
โ›ช๏ธUnit 3: Early Europe and Colonial Americas, 200โ€“1750 ce
โš”๏ธUnit 4: Later Europe and Americas, 1750โ€“1980 ce
๐ŸŒฝUnit 5: Indigenous Americas, 1000 bceโ€“1980 ce
โšฑ๏ธUnit 6: Africa, 1100โ€“1980 ce
๐Ÿ•ŒUnit 7: West and Central Asia, 500 bceโ€“1980 ce
๐Ÿ›•Unit 8: South, East, and Southeast Asia, 300 bceโ€“1980 ce
๐ŸšUnit 9: The Pacific, 700โ€“1980 ce
FREE AP art history Survival Pack + Cram Chart PDF
Sign up now for instant access to 2 amazing downloads to help you get a 5
Join us on Discord
Thousands of students are studying with us for the AP Art History exam.
join now
๐Ÿ“ฑ Stressed or struggling and need to talk to someone?
Talk to a trained counselor for free. It's 100% anonymous.
Text FIVEABLE to 741741 to get started.
ยฉ 2021 Fiveable, Inc.