AP Physics 1 Free Response Question on Simple Harmonic Motion
👋 Welcome to the AP Physics 1 Unit 6 FRQ (Simple Harmonic Motion)
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⏱ The AP Physics 1 exam has 5 free-response questions, and you will be given 90 minutes to complete the FRQ section. (This means you should give yourself ~18 minutes to go through each practice FRQ.)
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A group of students must determine the spring constant k of a spring that hangs vertically from a ring stand. The students attach a block to the bottom of the vertical spring, as shown in Figure 1. The students then pull the block-spring system 0.5 m below the system’s equilibrium position and release the system so that it oscillates. The students record the mass M of the block and the period of oscillation T for several trials, as shown in Table 1.
|M (kg)||T (s)|
The students want to determine the spring constant of the spring.
(i) Indicate below which quantities could be graphed to determine the spring constant of the spring by using a best-fit line. You may use the remaining columns in the table above, as needed, to record any quantities (including units) that are not already in the table.
Vertical Axis: _____ Horizontal Axis: _____
(ii) On the grid below, plot the appropriate quantities to determine the spring constant of the spring by using a best-fit line. Clearly scale and label all axes, including units as appropriate.
(iii) Use the graph above to estimate a value for the spring constant of the spring.
Another group of students performs a similar experiment in which the same block-spring system from trial 1 oscillates, but in the horizontal direction, as shown in Figure 2. Frictional forces between the block and the surface are considered to be negligible. Furthermore, the students pull the block-spring system 0.8 m from the system’s equilibrium before they release the system so that it oscillates.
(i) Will this change in the experiment affect the value of the period of oscillation T for the block-spring system compared to the situation from part (a)? Briefly state your reasoning.
Yes _____ No _____
(i) Describe an experimental procedure to determine whether or not the period of oscillation T for the block-spring system is different compared to the situation from part (a). Include any steps necessary to reduce experimental uncertainty. Give enough detail so that another student could replicate the experiment. As needed, include a diagram of the experimental setup. Assume equipment usually found in a school physics laboratory is available.
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