🚀 Thematic Guides
Theme 1: INTERACTION OF EUROPE AND THE WORLD (INT)
Theme 4 (SOP) - States and Other Institutions of Power
Theme 6 (NEI) - National and European Identity
🎨 Unit 1: Renaissance and Exploration
1.6Age of Exploration
⛪️ Unit 2: Age of Reformation
2.4Wars of Religion
2.616th-Century Society & Politics in Europe
👑 Unit 3: Absolutism and Constitutionalism
3.1Context of State Building from 1648-1815
3.2The English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution
3.3Continuities and Changes to Economic Practice and Development from 1648-1815
3.6Balance of Power in Europe from 1648-1815
🤔 Unit 4: Scientific, Philosophical, and Political Developments
4.0Unit 4 Overview: Scientific, Philosophical, and Political Developments
4.1Context of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment
4.518th Century Culture and Art in Europe
🥖 Unit 5: Conflict, Crisis, and Reaction in the Late 18th Century
5.0Unit 5 Overview: Conflict, Crisis, and Reaction in the Late 18th-Century
5.2The Rise of Global Markets in the 18th-Century
5.4The French Revolution
5.6Napoleon's Rise, Dominance, and Defeat
🚂 Unit 6: Industrialization and Its Effects
6.0Unit 6 Overview: Industrialization and Its Effects
6.2The First Industrial Revolution
6.3The Second Industrial Revolution
6.4Social Effects of Industrialization
6.5The Concert of Europe and European Conservatism
6.6Revolutions from 1815-1914
6.7Intellectual Developments from 1815-1914
6.819th Century Social Reform Movements
6.9Institutional Reforms of the 19th Century
✊ Unit 7: 19th-Century Perspectives and Political Developments
7.0Unit 7 Overview: 19th-Century Perspectives and Political Developments
7.3National Unification and Diplomatic Tensions
7.7Effects of Imperialism
💣 Unit 8: 20th-Century Global Conflicts
8.4Versailles Conference and Peace Settlement
8.6Fascism and Totalitarianism
🥶 Unit 9: Cold War and Contemporary Europe
9.4Two Super Powers Emerge
9.7The Fall of Communism
9.1420th- and 21st-Century Culture, Arts, and Demographic Trends
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
📋 Short Answer Questions (SAQ)
📝 Long Essay Questions (LEQ)
AP European History Free Response Help - FRQ/LEQ
⏱️ 2 min read
May 12, 2020
The British introduced opium to the Chinese society through open trade. Opium was produced in British controlled India and to avoid selling it to Europeans, they sold it to Chinese merchants. The Chinese government attempted to stop the sale, but failed during an attempted blockade of British ships from their ports. These failed attempts were the starting point of the Opium Wars and as a result, the British opened embassies and more ports in Beijing.
The British dominated India through the East India Company. The Company had a paid army through profits of the Company that invaded and took over local governments who would not cooperate with British trade. Eventually, British India dominated the Mughal Empire. The British brought western customs and values to the largely non-white, non-Christian Indians, some of which was not well accepted. The Sepoy (name for Indian troops) Rebellion broke out over mistaken religious differences between Indian and British soldiers and a difference in their pay. The result of this conflict is Great Britain officially establishing control over the former Mughal Empire in 1858.
The Scramble for Africa during the Berlin Conference of 1884-5 divided the continent of Africa into colonial holdings for European countries. Great Britain and France dominated the negotiations over resources and access to ports. Other European nations involved were Germany, Portugal, Belgium, Italy, and Spain. The resources and advantageous geographic locations, including harbors and ports, were divided among the European countries without any regard to the Africans currently living there. Europeans would siphon resources from Africa until territorial rivalries broke out before and during WWI. After the Treaty of Versailles, most colonial holdings will be released.
Social Darwinism was used to justify imperialist endeavors and racism or discrimination toward other races or religions.
Europeans used the Civilizing Mission to bring advanced science, medicine, economic, and governmental developments to non-Western areas of the world. Most Europeans believed their societies were the most advanced of the world, and it was their duty to bring these enlightened ideas to native populations of non-Western areas. (See White Man’s Burden)
Eurocentrism developed as a complex that the majority of Europeans believed in. This belief basically claimed that Western society, government, economics, religions, and any other aspect of life was superior to other institutions around the world, so it was their responsibility to spread their influence.
Diplomatic Tensions arise between European nations in colonial holdings. One good example of this was the Moroccan Crisis of 1905 in which Germany supported a Moroccan Independence movement in French Morocco to diminish the French influence in Africa.
🎥 Watch: AP European History - Imperialism
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