4.0: Overview of Unit 4 💂♂️
This unit really builds on political institutions from Unit 2 and political culture and participation from Unit 3. In this unit, the focus is on how various electoral systems 🗳️ work in our course countries (UK, Mexico, Nigeria, Russia, China, Nigeria) and how individuals participate in those systems via political parties, interest groups, and systems that support various interest groups. There are six topics you are expected to address at the end of this unit, let us quickly discuss each:
Unit 4 Topics
Describe electoral systems and election rules among the course countries. The word describe is important! It is telling you that you need to know the characteristics and qualities of the systems, and it is clear that your understanding is across ALL course countries.
Explain how election rules accomplish different regime objectives like access to ballots, election wins, and constituency accountability. Once again the word explain is important because it means you need to make the development of an idea clear.
Describe characteristics of political party systems and party membership.
Explain how political party systems and memberships link citizen participation to policymaking.
Explain how social movements and interest groups affect social and political change.
Describe pluralist and corporatist interest group systems.
Like previous units, this unit builds on itself. In other words, it is expected that you know the details of the electoral systems and characteristics of institutions like political parties 🙋♂️ and interest groups before you can progress. You will take what you have learned about the systems and explain the impacts on different regimes and their authority, for example, or how regimes impact the system to maintain their authority.
As you move further into the course, you notice that each unit builds on the units prior, meaning to be truly successful with electoral systems, you need to understand factors you have previously studied like political organizations (What branches do people vote for in our course countries?) and political culture (How much impact do citizens have on their institutions? Is there rule by law or rule of law being employed)?
Now that we know what to expect, let's transition to our first topic, 4.1: Electoral Systems and Rules.