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Unit 3

3.3 Political Ideologies

2 min readnovember 13, 2020

kelly-cotton

Kelly Cotton


AP Comparative Government 🗳️

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3.3: Political Ideologies

Topic 3.3, Political Ideologies, simply asks you to identify the six political ideologies outlined in the CED. Normally, we would start with vocabulary, but in essence, the ideologies are the vocabulary of 3.3, so let us look at the ideologies.

Political Ideologies Explained

(definitions below are all courtesy of the AP Comparative Government CED)
  1. Individualism—belief in individual civil liberties and freedom over governmental restrictions. The U.S. is a prime example of this type of political ideology, but of course, this is not one of your course countries. The UK has some of this political ideology ingrained in its political culture, but most of the core countries ascribe more to nationalism than individualism.
  2. Neoliberalism—belief in limited governmental intervention in the economy and society, supports privatization, free trade, deregulation, and the elimination of state subsidies.
  3. Communism—belief in the abolition of private property with near-total governmental control of the economy
  4. Socialism—belief in the reduction of income disparities and the nationalization of major private industries
  5. Fascism—extreme nationalist ideology that favors authoritarian rule and the rights of the ethnic majority over that of ethnic minorities and the political opposition
  6. Populism—political philosophy that supports the interests and rights of the common people over that of the elites
Your job is to be able to define each of the above political ideologies and then be able to identify where we see the ideologies above in our course countries. For instance, neoliberalism is a political ideology more commonly found in the democratic regimes of the UK, Mexico, and Nigeria. However, the UK has elements of socialism, for instance their national health care system. In Russia and China, we see varying degrees of communism. In the UK, the idea of the Noblesse Oblige encompasses some aspects of populism.
As a student be sure that you can identify elements of the above political ideologies within the political culture of the core course countries.
Next up, we will examine how topic 3.4 Political Beliefs and Values asks you to take the above political ideologies and examine how conflicting political ideologies within a state impacts how that state treats its citizens and deals with specific problems it faces. So let us tackle this next topic.

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