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Unit 1

1.2 Defining Political Institutions

2 min readโ€ขdecember 25, 2020

@kelly-cotton


Vocab anyone?! This topic is all about vocabulary. At the end of this topic you'll need to know the different ways that political institutions are defined. So here we go!

Topic 1.2 Terms

  • Political Systemsโ€”The laws ๐Ÿ“œ, the ideas ๐Ÿ’ก, and the procedures that decide who has the authority to rule and what the government's influence should be politically and economically.
  • Statesโ€”Political organizations that combine a permanent population with governing institutions in a defined territory with international recognition.
  • Regimeโ€”A group in power who exercises power. Can be democratic ๐Ÿ™‹๐Ÿพโ€โ™€๏ธ or authoritarian ๐Ÿ‘‘
  • Governmentโ€”The institutions and individuals allowed to make legally binding decisions for a state.
  • Nationโ€”A group of people with items in common like language ๐Ÿ—ฃ๏ธ, race ๐Ÿ‘ฆ๐Ÿผ๐Ÿ‘ฆ๐Ÿฝ๐Ÿ‘ฆ๐Ÿป, or religion โ˜ช๏ธ.
Definitions are the key ๐Ÿ”‘ to success in this class. You can't compare countries if you don't understand the terms and ways in which you are being asked to compare them. The College Board also wants you to show that you can explain and analyze! That means being able to discuss what a political system looks like in the countries of study. Here's a chart to help.

๐Ÿ‘ธ Institution Examples

TermUK - ExamplesRussia - ExamplesChina - ExamplesIran - ExamplesMexico - ExamplesNigeria-Examples
Political SystemDemocracyConstitution AuthoritarianCCP and/or AuthoritarianTheocracy and/or AuthoritarianConstitutional DemocracyConstitutional Democracy
StateUKRussiaChinaIranMexicoNigeria
RegimeDemocraticAuthoritarianAuthoritarianAuthoritarianEmerging DemocracyEmerging Democracy
GovernmentUnitary, but turning more federalFederal but asymmetricUnitaryUnitaryFederalFederal
NationScottish, IrishRussian, ChechanHan Chinese, TibetansPersians, AzerisMestizoHausa, Yoruba
This topic is all about providing you with a way to define political institutions. The rest of the unit will have you break each of these down in more detail and begin to examine each in the course countries.

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Unit 2: Political Institutions
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Unit 3: Political Culture and Participation
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Unit 4: Party and Electoral Systems and Citizen Organizations