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Unit 2

2.5 Removal of Executives

2 min readโ€ขnovember 15, 2020

kelly-cotton

Kelly Cotton


Topic 2.5: Removal of Executives

This is a relatively simple topic, it asks you as a student to be able to identify how executive leaders can be removed by other branches in the course countries. Let us look at the following examples:
  1. UK: There is fused ๐Ÿคฒ power of the executive and legislative branch in the UK ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง; however, the Prime Minister can be removed through something called a confidence motion. When such motion is put to a vote ๐Ÿ™‹๐Ÿ™‹โ€โ™€๏ธ๐Ÿ™‹โ€โ™‚๏ธin the legislature, if a vote of confidence is defeated, or a vote of no confidence is passed, then the incumbent government must resign ๐Ÿ—ž๏ธ, or call a general election. An example would be in March of 1979 when James Callaghan's referendum on devolution (vocab alert โฐ-the transfer of power to a lower level, particularly from a central government to a regional government in this case) for Scotland ๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ led to a successful passage of a motion of no-confidence and a defeat in the general election to Margaret Thatcher.
  2. Russia: There is the ability of the legislature to impeach the president. This happened 3๏ธโƒฃ times, all during the presidency of Boris Yeltsin, it also failed 3๏ธโƒฃ times!
  3. China: The National People's Congress has the ability to remove the President.
  4. Nigeria: There is the ability of the legislature to impeach the president
  5. Mexico: The Constitution ๐Ÿ“œ mentions impeachment, but not how the process works โ˜น๏ธ
  6. Iran: The Supreme Leader ๐Ÿ› can be removed by the Assembly of Experts but it has never happened. The President can be removed by the Supreme Leader or the legislature
Now, we should have a strong understanding of the executive branch, so it is time, to move onto the next branch of government - The Legislative Branch!

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