This is a relatively simple topic, it asks you as a student to be able to identify how executive leaders can be removed by other branches in the course countries. Let us look at the following examples:
UK: There is fused 🤲 power of the executive and legislative branch in the UK 🇬🇧; however, the Prime Minister can be removed through something called a confidence motion. When such motion is put to a vote 🙋🙋♀️🙋♂️in the legislature, if a vote of confidence is defeated, or a vote of no confidence is passed, then the incumbent government must resign 🗞️, or call a general election.
An example would be in March of 1979 when James Callaghan's referendum on devolution (vocab alert ⏰-the transfer of power to a lower level, particularly from a central government to a regional government in this case) for Scotland 🏴 led to a successful passage of a motion of no-confidence and a defeat in the general election to Margaret Thatcher.
Russia: There is the ability of the legislature to impeach the president. This happened 3️⃣ times, all during the presidency of Boris Yeltsin, it also failed 3️⃣ times!
China: The National People's Congress has the ability to remove the President.
Nigeria: There is the ability of the legislature to impeach the president
Mexico: The Constitution 📜 mentions impeachment, but not how the process works ☹️
Iran: The Supreme Leader 🛐 can be removed by the Assembly of Experts but it has never happened. The President can be removed by the Supreme Leader or the legislature
Now, we should have a strong understanding of the executive branch, so it is time, to move onto the next branch of government - The Legislative Branch!