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Unit 2

2.0 Unit 2 Overview: Political Institutions

2 min readโ€ขjanuary 28, 2021

@kelly-cotton


Unit 2: Political Institutions

Welcome back! ๐Ÿ˜€ Before we dive into Unit 2: Political Institutions, let's revisit Unit 1: Political Systems, Regimes, and Governments for a moment. Remember, Unit 1 is all about how we compare the course countries (UK , Russia , Iran , Mexico , China , and Nigeria ) in regard to their governments! Think of Unit 1 as our "How To" guide of comparison, while every unit we explore together moving forward will be about specific points of comparison. If you have taken AP US Government or a US Government course, then you have a little bit of background in this area already, as this includes institutions like the executive branch, legislative branch, and judicial branch that you studied in the United States.
https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-47A7AdDk2LVO.jpg?alt=media&token=4ac4454d-f330-4126-b36e-5252903b6ff0

White House, home of the President, is an example of an executive branch. Image from Wikimedia Commons.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-QwkJeQ1WHlh3.png?alt=media&token=0fd6ce54-9249-42ac-9606-953f078595bb

Capitol Hill, home to the Senate and House of Representatives in the United States, is an example of the legislative branch. Image from Wikimedia Commons.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-lLCNMlLM8LRY.png?alt=media&token=2550146f-ee67-462e-802a-60509f5a76b5

Supreme Court of the United States is an example of the judicial branch. Image from Wikimedia Commons.

Breaking down Unit 2

Unit 2 can be broken down into 3 Big Ideas, according to the Course Exam and Description (CED):
1. Explaining and comparing parliamentary, presidential, and semi-presidential systems. Your goal at the end of this unit is to be able to explain the different political structures in each of the courses' countries. You are then expected to take that knowledge about each Comp Gov country and use it to compare the courses' countries with one another using the skills ๐Ÿ’ช๐Ÿฝ you learned in unit 1.
2. Executive, Legislative, and Judicial ๐Ÿ‘ฉโ€โš–๏ธ Branches. Once you understand the political systems in each of the Comp Gov countries, College Board expects that you will be able to develop an understanding of not only the various structures of the branches but also an understanding of how those structures are used in each of the course countries to wield and maintain power. ๐Ÿ‹๐Ÿฟ
3. Advantages and Disadvantages of Political Systems. In addition to knowing and applying what you have learned about the political systems and their branches, it is expected that you can take the knowledge and characterize the advantages and disadvantages of having one system over another with regard to stability, legitimacy, and policymaking. ๐Ÿ’ฏ

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