⏱️ September 23, 2020
Harmonic flowchart in minor keys. Image from Robert Hutchinson: http://musictheory.pugetsound.edu/mt21c/HarmonicFunction.html
Harmonic flowchart in Major Keys. Image from Robert Hutchinson: http://musictheory.pugetsound.edu/mt21c/HarmonicFunction.html
Cadences are like the period at the end of our sentence. It announces we have arrived at the end. A cadence is the harmonic conclusion of a phrase.
Here are the types of cadences and their abbreviations:
Authentic Cadence consists of a dominant function chord (V or vii) moving to a tonic. To be considered a PAC, a cadence must meet all the following criteria:
If the cadence doesn’t meet all those criteria, it’s considered to be an IAC (Imperfect Authentic Cadence.)
A plagal cadence (PC) consists of a subdominant function chord (IV or II) moving to tonic. To be considered a Perfect Plagal Cadence, a cadence must meet all the following criteria:
If the cadence doesn’t meet all those criteria, it’s considered to be an imperfect plagal cadence.
A half cadence is any cadence that ends on the dominant chord (V)
A specific type of half cadence is the Phrygian cadence, which must meet the following criteria:
A deceptive cadence is a cadence where the dominant chord (V) resolves to something other than tonic, almost always the submediant chord (VI.) This type of cadence is more common to see in the middle of the phrase rather than at the end.
ap music theory
🎵 Unit 1: Music Fundamentals I: Pitch, Major Scales and Key Signatures, Rhythm, Meter, and Expressive Elements
1.1Pitch and Pitch Notation 🎼
🎶 Unit 2: Music Fundamentals II: Minor Scales and Key Signatures, Melody, Timbre, and Texture
2.1Minor Scales: Natural, Harmonic, and Melodic
2.2Relative Keys: Determining Relative Minor Key and Notating Key Signatures
2.3Key Relationships: Parallel, Closely Related, and Distantly Related Keys
2.4Other Scales: Chromatic, Whole-Tone, and Pentatonic
🎻 Unit 3: Music Fundamentals III: Triads and Seventh Chords
3.1Triad and Chord Qualities (M, m, d, A)
3.3Chord Inversions and Figures: Introduction to Figured Bass
🎹 Unit 4: Harmony and Voice Leading I: Chord Function, Cadence, and Phrase
4.3Harmonic Progression, Functional Harmony, and Cadences
4.4Voice Leading with Seventh Chords
🎸 Unit 5: Harmony and Voice Leading II: Chord Progressions and Predominant Function
5.1Adding Predominant Function IV (iv) and ii (ii0) to a Melodic Phrase
📝 Exam Skills
AP Music Theory Free Response Help - FRQ/LEQ
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