Immigration contributed to the increased population in America from 1750-1800. Immigration to America and migrations within the colonies caused conflict between European immigrants, Britain, Native Americans and black Africans.
Many Europeans flocked to America because of political oppression, economic problems, war and religious persecution. The main sources of immigration came from England, Germany and Ireland. Other groups, such as the Dutch, Swiss and French, would occupy the eastern coast of the colonies.
The Germans would move to the backcountry of the colonies, especially Pennsylvania, New York and the Carolinas. Here, they could practice their language, farming and German customs independently.
The Scots-Irish came from Northern Ireland by way of Scotland. Because the Germans and Quakers had taken land, the Scot-Irish had to move further west against the Appalachian Mountains in Pennsylvania. They would also move into the western parts of the South, where they would fight against both Native Americans and white settlers over land and squatting rights.
The French and Indian War pitted the Iroquois and their British allies against the Hurons and their French allies. During the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War, some of the tribes could play the European powers against each other. However, the Treaty of Paris in 1763 hurt the Iroquois, Creeks and other tribes and gave Britain control of lands east of the Mississippi.
The Ottowa Chief named Pontiac led a prolonged fight against British forts (known as Pontiac's Rebellion) in the Ohio Valley in 1763, where the Native Americans killed two thousand colonial frontiersmen. The British would retaliate with brutal tactics and win the fight.
A major turning point happened in 1763 when Britain passed the Proclamation Act of 1763. This law prohibited any settlers from migrating across the Appalachian Mountains. It was intended to prevent any future conflicts between white settlers and the Native Americans. The white colonists defied this law and migrated west in large numbers.
Nathaniel Bacon’s rebellion against Virginia’s elite landowners in 1676 forced white plantation owners to look away from white indentured servants and towards black Africa for free labor in their cotton, tobacco, and rice fields. Black Africans were forced in chains to cross the Atlantic Ocean in horrible slave ships in large numbers after 1700. By 1775, one in five people in the colonies were black, with many of them slaves in the South.
After the Revolutionary War, many colonists liked the idea of equality and were against gaining wealth through heredity. Some northern states abolished slavery and Congress arranged for a future without slave trading. However, the new Constitution did not address the problem of slavery because of the fear of internal conflict for a new republic.
Eli Whitney’s cotton gin in 1793 would increase the demand for black slave labor. As a result, a sharp divide would continue between the North and the South over slavery.
Watch - AP US History: Period 3 Recap and Exam Prep
🚀 Thematic Guides
Theme 1 (NAT) - American and National Identity
Theme 2 (WXT) - Work, Exchange, and Technology
Theme 3 (GEO) - Geography and The Environment
Theme 4 (MIG) - Migration and Settlement
Theme 5 (PCE) - Politics and Power
Theme 7 (ARC) - American and Regional Culture
Theme 8 (SOC): Social Structures
📑 Document Based Questions (DBQ)
🌽 Unit 1: 1491-1607
1.1Context: European Encounters in the Americas
1.6Cultural Interactions Between Europeans, Native Americans, and Africans
🦃 Unit 2: 1607-1754
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Contextualization
2.3The Regions of the British Colonies
2.5Interactions between Native Americans and Europeans
2.6Slavery in the Colonies
🔫 Unit 3: 1754-1800
3.6The Influence of Revolutionary Ideals
3.10Shaping a New Republic
🐎 Unit 4: 1800-1848
4.2The Rise of Political Parties and the Era of Jefferson
4.3Politics and Regional Interests
4.8Jackson and Federal Power
4.9The Development of an American Culture
4.10The Second Great Awakening
4.11The Age of Reform
4.12African Americans in the Early Republic
💣 Unit 5: 1844-1877
5.5Sectional Conflict: Regional Differences
5.6Failure of Compromise
5.7Election of 1860 and Secession
5.9Government Policies during the Civil War
🚂 Unit 6: 1865-1898
6.2Westward Expansion: Economic Development
6.3Westward Expansion Social and Cultural Development
6.6The Rise of Industrial Capitalism
6.7Labor in the Gilded Age
6.9Responses to Immigration
🌎 Unit 7: 1890-1945
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Contextualization
7.3The Spanish-American War
7.5World War I: Military and Diplomacy
7.6World War I: Home Front
7.81920s: Cultural and Political Controversies
7.9The Great Depression
7.10The New Deal
7.11Interwar Foreign Policy
7.12World War II: Mobilization
🥶 Unit 8: 1945-1980
8.2The Cold War from 1945-1980
8.3The Red Scare
8.4Economy after 1945
8.6Early Steps in the Civil Rights Movement
8.7America as a World Power
8.8The Vietnam War
8.10The African American Civil Rights Movement
8.11The Expansion of the Civil Rights Movement
📲 Unit 9: 1980-Present
9.0Unit 9 Overview: Contextualization
9.2Reagan and Conservatism
9.3The End of the Cold War
9.6Challenges of the 21st Century
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
📋 Short Answer Questions (SAQ)
*ap® and advanced placement® are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.
© fiveable 2021 | all rights reserved.
2550 north lake drive
milwaukee, wi 53211