🙏 Free Reviews 2020
🗺 Unit 1: Thinking Geographically
1.1Introduction to Maps and Types of Maps
1.5Humans and Environmental Interaction
👪 Unit 2: Population & Migration
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Population and Migration Patterns and Processes
2.5The Demographic Transition Model
2.6Malthusian Theory and Geography
2.10Push and Pull Factors in Migration
🕌 Unit 3: Cultural Patterns & Processes
3.1Introduction to Culture
3.4Types of Cultural Diffusion
3.7Diffusion of Religion and Language
🗳 Unit 4: Political Patterns & Processes
👨🌾 Unit 5: Agriculture & Rural Land-Use
5.0Unit 5 Overview: Agriculture and Rural Land-Use Patterns and Processes
5.1Introduction to Agriculture
5.2Settlement Patterns and Survey Methods
5.3Agricultural Origins and Diffusions
5.6Agricultural Production Regions
5.7Spatial Organization of Agriculture
5.9The Global System of Agriculture
5.10Consequences of Agricultural Practices
5.11Challenges of Contemporary Agriculture
🌇 Unit 6: Cities & Urban Land-Use
6.2Cities Across the World
6.4The Size and Distribution of Cities
6.5The Internal Structure of Cities
💸 Unit 7: Industrial & Economic Development
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Industrial and Economic Development Patterns and Processes
7.3Measures of Development
7.4Women and Economic Development
7.5Theories of Development
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
AP Human Geography Multiple Choice Help (MCQ)
Human Geography Multiple Choice Questions
✍️ Free Response Questions (FRQ)
⏱️ 2 min read
May 4, 2020
A great way to remember the difference between these forces is: centrifugal- forces people farther apart, centripetal- pulls people together.
Sovereignty is initially achieved because the people of a region are linked by common characteristics. This is called a centripetal force, which unifies people within a state. Some examples include a shared religion, external threats, a stable government, and a common language.
For example, national holidays bring people together and enforce the cohesion of the group. Other shared traditions around religion, clothing, food, and language can also unit people. These forces are what keep countries together despite the differences that arise and the size of the state. In the United States, there are a lot of things that divide us, but we also share a common history, democratic values, and national identity as Americans. No matter how heated political debates can get, these keep us together.
The breakup in Yugoslavia led to the formation of several new states that were pulled together by centripetal forces. The Croatians had a shared history, language, and religion that differentiated them from the Bosniaks, which resulted in two the formation of two states rather than just one.
But, the forces that pull as a part are just as strong. The forces that pull people away from each other are called centrifugal forces. Common examples are differing religion or languages, an unstable government, internal conflict, and geographic features that physically divide people (mountain ranges, etc.).
For example, when India became independent from Britain, the forces that divided the Indian people were strong because of the differing religions of Islam and Hinduism. As a result, there was mass conflict between these groups and eventually a two-state solution was adopted, but tensions still continue between India and Pakistan.
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