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published on june 4, 2020
Last updated on June 23, 2020
The one thing you need to know about this unit:
Global conflict changed the status quo through shifts in power.
Industrialization = Nationalism = More challenges to dominant nations = Imperialism = Interregional conflicts 🔫
The 1900s featured a heavily industrialized world where even nations like Japan and Russia have begun to catch up to dominant economies like western Europe and the U.S. The Second Industrial Revolution also gave birth to new technological, transportation and communication advances such as railroad systems, telegraphs, and machines - all of which made life more convenient for everyone!
However, imperialism in Asia (e.g. French in Indochina, British in India) and Africa (the infamous Scramble for Africa) gave rise to intensified conflicts as they became more lethal and prevalent as new weapons emerged: flamethrowers, machine guns, artillery, tanks, fighter planes, the list goes on. These deadly contraptions allowed powerful nations to wage wars against each other to gain more land and influence over local regions. These wars were fought by different people - Indians, Africans, Europeans, Asians, and even Americans - in different theaters across the globe.
As more people became aware of the world beyond them, they started to challenge the social order as new forms of government often came hand in hand with the emergence of political and economic ideologies (e.g. communist regimes, fascist dictatorships, parliamentary republics, etc.).
What exactly happened BEFORE and AFTER each global conflict in terms of politics, society, and economy? Time to find out. 🕘
Image Courtesy of US National Archives on Giphy
1910-1920: Mexican Revolution
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1914-1918: World War 1
1915: Armenian genocide starts
1917: Russian Revolution
1919: World War 1 ends, postwar negotiations in the Paris Peace Conferences
1920: League of Nations founded… and disbanded later on
1927-1936: Chinese Civil War
1928: Stalin initiates his first Five Year Plan within Soviet Russia
1929-1933: Great Depression
1939-1945: World War 2
1941: Attack on Pearl Harbor
1941-1945: The Holocaust
1945-1950: Chinese Communist Revolution
1945: Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings
1945: United Nations created
1947: Japanese Empire ends
1994: Rwandan genocide
Industrialization transforms the world 🏭
New weapons → drastic increase in death tolls
Telegraph & radio networks → communication in battlefields
MAIN → global conflicts
Militarism ⇒ arms race between nations → destructive firepower
Alliances ⇒ nations fighting → allies jump in → multinational conflict
Imperialism ⇒ nations competing over control in territories
Nationalism ⇒ nations want to demonstrate military & political might
Wartime production → overproduction → lower demand & prices → unemployment → Great Depression → increase in government involvement in economy
European loans to US → weaker economies than before WWI
“Failure of capitalism” → rise of socialism & fascism
Postwar agreements → division of colonies among winners
Local nationalism → anti-imperialist movements → decolonization
Ethnic prejudice → genocides and violence against minorities
New global entities 🌎
Organizations (i.e. League of Nations, UN) enforced rules over nations
Treaties & alliances (i.e. Marshall Plan, NATO, Warsaw Pact) → capitalism vs. socialism → Cold War
Streams and Resources
🎥Watch: WHAP - World Wars in World History
🏆Trivia - World Wars in World History
🎥Watch: WHAP - Unit 7 Review: Causation in Global Conflict
🏆Trivia - Causation in Global Conflict
All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque
Life in the point of view of German soldiers in the western front during World War I
Night by Elie Wiesel
Life as a Jew in Germany during WWII and in Auschwitz, based on author’s actual experiences as a Holocaust survivor.
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