The one thing you need to know about this unit:
Global conflict changed the status quo through shifts in power.
Industrialization = Nationalism = More challenges to dominant nations = Imperialism = Interregional conflicts 🔫
Contextualizing the Unit 💥
The 1900s featured a heavily industrialized world where even nations like Japan and Russia have begun to catch up to dominant economies like western Europe and the U.S. The Second Industrial Revolution also gave birth to new technological, transportation and communication advances such as railroad systems, telegraphs, and machines - all of which made life more convenient for everyone!
However, imperialism in Asia (e.g. French in Indochina, British in India) and Africa (the infamous Scramble for Africa) gave rise to intensified conflicts as they became more lethal and prevalent as new weapons emerged: flamethrowers, machine guns, artillery, tanks, fighter planes, the list goes on. These deadly contraptions allowed powerful nations to wage wars against each other to gain more land and influence over local regions. These wars were fought by different people - Indians, Africans, Europeans, Asians, and even Americans - in different theaters across the globe.
As more people became aware of the world beyond them, they started to challenge the social order as new forms of government often came hand in hand with the emergence of political and economic ideologies (e.g. communist regimes, fascist dictatorships, parliamentary republics, etc.).
What exactly happened BEFORE and AFTER each global conflict in terms of politics, society, and economy? Time to find out. 🕘
Image Courtesy of US National Archives on Giphy
1910-1920: Mexican Revolution
1914-1918: World War 1
1915: Armenian genocide starts
1917: Russian Revolution
1919: World War 1 ends, postwar negotiations in the Paris Peace Conferences
1920: League of Nations founded… and disbanded later on
1927-1936: Chinese Civil War
1928: Stalin initiates his first Five Year Plan within Soviet Russia
1929-1933: Great Depression
1939-1945: World War 2
1941: Attack on Pearl Harbor
1941-1945: The Holocaust
1945-1950: Chinese Communist Revolution
1945: Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings
1945: United Nations created
1947: Japanese Empire ends
1994: Rwandan genocide
Major Trends Between 1900 to Present