Unit 4 focuses on the effects of science and technology on people's lives in Italian-speaking communities and societies. The primary theme is science and technology, but there are also connections to other units such as global challenges, contemporary life, and personal and public identities.
Here are some questions to guide your studying:
What factors drive innovation and discovery in the fields of science and technology?
What role do ethics play in scientific advancement?
What are the social consequences of scientific or technological advancements?
Science and Technology 🔬 🔭
Italy is behind other European nations with regards to science and technology, as shown by the number of patents, start-ups, and discoveries each year. The government invests less money into these projects than other countries do, but Italy is still buildings its own scientific and technological equipment. Innovation is one part of the culture that has made Italy a focal point for many other parts of the world 💪🏼 💪🏼
Below are some of the largest and most successful research organizations in Italy:
Accademia dei Lincei 🏫 🎒
Italian science academy located in Rome, considered the highest Italian cultural institution
Under the control of the Italian Ministry of Treasury and the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities
The 540 members are then divided into 2 classes: Natural Sciences vs. Philological Sciences
Natural - mathematics, astronomy, biology, mineralogy, geophysics, chemistry
Philological - linguistics, archaeology, art and poetry, history, juridicial science, polisci
Overall Work: organizes national and international conferences, carries out research, rewards grants, publishes notes and memoirs, offers advice to public institutions, drafts scientific proposals
Istituto Italiano di Studi Filosofici (Italian Institute of Philosophical Studies)
Institute in Naples that gathers experts, scientists, and nobel prize winners
Italian and foreign experts in the history of thought hold seminars throughout the academic year for scholarship holders, researchers, young people, and the general public
Publishes research on MAJOR issues—biology, bioinformatics, quantum physics, astronomy, etc.
Image Courtesy of GeosNews
CNR (National Research Council) 🌍 👨🏽🌾
Largest research organization in Italy — over 4000 researchers and 100 institutes
Focuses on: earth and environment (terra e ambiente), energy and transport (energia e trasporti), agriculture and nutrition (agricoltura e nutrizione), medicine (medicinale), communication technology, biophysics, and more
Can implement programs and directives at the regional level, participate in international research centers, form relations with private and public parties, Italian or foreign
ISS (Superior Institute of Health)
Leading technical and scientific public institute of the Italian National Health Service
Conducts research in molecular and genetic research, risk factors for disease and disability
INAF (National Institute of Astrophysics) 💫 🌌
Funds and operates 20 research facilities, employing scientists, engineers, and technicians
Works in the fields of astronomy, radioastronomy, and cosmic physics
Develops large telescopes, satellites, and space missions such as Cassini-Huygens and Deep Impact
INFN (National Institute for Nuclear Research)
Works closely with international consultants and universities to conduct theoretical and experimental research in subnuclear, nuclear and astro-particle physics
National Gran Sasso Laboratory—largest underground facility in the world, operates in 'extreme' dark fields
Co-founded the great observatory "Virgo" - one of the most sophisticated facilities in the world for its research on gravitational waves
National Gran Sasso Laboratory, Image Courtesy of INFN
ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development)
Research involving energy efficiency, environmental protection and technological innovation
High-tech production processes—sustainable development
Production of clean (pulito/a) energy at both the local and national levels