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🏛️ ap gov


 Unit 3

  •  ⏱️2 min read

3.0 Unit 3 Overview: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

Annika Tekumulla

annika tekumulla

⏱️ April 30, 2020


It's important to remember that a primary reason for colonists fighting to leave the British empire was that they felt their rights were being infringed upon. This unit will cover exactly how the fight for civil rights and liberties has progressed throughout American history.

This study guide was produced by Fiveable. For more AP® US Government content, visit

The most important thing you need to know about this unit: 


The foundations of our government are based on civil liberties and civil rights that social movements and citizens have fought for in order to limit government power. 

🎥 Watch: AP GOPO - Civil Liberties and Rights

Key Ideas

  • The United States Bill of Rights protects the rights of its citizens. 

  • Civil liberties are the protections from the abuse of government power. 

  • Civil rights are the protections from discrimination based on gender, race, or religion. 

  • Civil liberties and civil rights are focused upon in the Bill of Rights, which is the first 10 amendments. 

Important Vocabulary 

  • Civil liberties

  • Civil rights

  • United States Constitution

  • Bill of Rights

  • Freedom of religion

  • Establishment clause

  • Lemon test

  • Engel v. Vitale 

  • Wisconsin v. Yoder 

  • Free exercise clause

  • Tinker v. Des Moines  

  • Schenck v. United States 

  • Espionage Act of 1917

  • Clear and present danger clause 

  • Freedom of the press

  • Pentagon Papers

  • New York Times v. United States 

  • Prior restraint 

  • McDonald v Chicago (2010)

  • Due process clause

  • Eight Amendment

  • Cruel and unusual punishment clause

  • Fourth Amendment 

  • Search and seizure

  • Probable cause

  • Search warrant 

  • Exclusionary rule

  • Selective incorporation

  • McDonald v. Chicago 

  • Fourteenth Amendment

  • Miranda Rights

  • Miranda v. Arizona

  • Self-incrimination

  • Objective of good faith 

  • Inevitable discovery rule

  • Exigent circumstances

  • Sixth Amendment 

  • Right to an attorney

  • Gideon v. Wainwright

  • Right to a speedy trial 

  • Implicit right to privacy

  • Griswold v. Connecticut

  • Roe v. Wade

  • Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail”

  • Women’s Rights Movement

  • The National Organization for Women

  • Brown v. Board of Education

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

  • Title IX

  • The Voting Rights Act of 1975

  • Equal protection clause

  • Brown v. Board of Education II (1955)

  • Affirmative Action

🎥 Watch: AP GOPO - 1st and 2nd Amendments

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