🙏 Free Reviews 2020
Required Founding Documents
Required Supreme Court Cases
🏛 Unit 1: Foundations of American Democracy
1.5Ratification of the U.S. Constitution
1.7Relationship Between States and the Federal Government
1.8Constitutional Interpretations of Federalism
⚖️ Unit 2: Interactions Among Branches of Government
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Interactions Among Branches of Government
2.2Structures, Powers, and Functions of Congress
2.4Roles and Power of the President
2.8The Judicial Branch
2.11Checks on the Judicial Branch
✊ Unit 3: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
3.2First Amendment: Freedom of Religion
3.6Amendments: Balancing Individual Freedom with Public Order and Safety
3.7Selective Incorporation & the 14th Amendment
3.8Amendments: Due Process and the Rights of the Accused
3.11Government Responses to Social Movements
🐘 Unit 4: American Political Ideologies and Beliefs
🗳 Unit 5: Political Participation
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
✍️ Free Response Questions (FRQ)
AP Gov FRQ: Argument Essay Review (2020)
FRQ: SCOTUS Application
⏱️ 4 min read
June 16, 2020
The one thing you need to know about this question:
Use your knowledge of the REQUIRED case and compare it to what you are presented with about the NON-REQUIRED case.
On your AP Government exam in May, you will be asked to write 4 FRQs. You will have 100 minutes to write your responses for all four of the questions.
Each of the free response questions (FRQs) are worth 12.5% of your total exam score - making the entire FRQ section worth 50%.
#1: Concept Application (20 minutes - suggested)
#2: Quantitative Analysis (20 minutes - suggested)
#3: SCOTUS Comparison (20 minutes - suggested)
#4: Argumentative Essay (40 minutes - suggested)
It is important that you manage your time! You will have to budget your time wisely so you know when to move on to each part of the exam.
This question tests how well you know the 15 required Supreme Court cases from the course.
Marbury v. Madison, 1803
Mcculloch v. Maryland, 1819
Schenck v. United States, 1919
Brown v. Board of Education, 1954
Baker v. Carr, 1961
Engel v. Vitale, 1962
Gideon v. Wainwright, 1963
Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, 1969
New York Times Company v. U.S., 1971
Wisconsin v. Yoder, 1972
Roe v. Wade, 1973
Shaw v. Reno, 1993
United States v. Lopez, 1995
McDonald v. Chicago, 2010
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (FEC), 2010
You will be asked to compare and contrast the information you already know about one of the required Supreme Court Cases with a nonrequired case for which sufficient information will be presented on the AP Exam.
Things to know...
A) Identify (0-1 point)
Identify a similarity or difference between the two Supreme Court cases (as specified in the question).
Make sure to BRIEFLY identify the similarity or difference - it must be the one they ask for in the question!
B1) Identify (0-1 point)
Provide prompted information from the specified required Supreme Court case.
This is the FIRST PART of part b) of the question. You MUST present facts to show you understand the required case.
B2) Explain (0-1 point)
Explain how or why that information is relevant to the second source provided in the question (Explain the relationship of that information as directed.)
This is where College Board tests your COMPARE & CONTRAST abilities. You must create a relationship between the information from the required case and the nonrequired case.
C) Describe or Explain
Describe or explain an interaction between the holding in the non-required Supreme Court Case and a relevant political institution, behavior, or process.
Here, you connect what you know about the 2 SCOTUS cases with a broader overview of what you have learned in AP Gov.
*Taken from The College Board CED for AP US Government & Politics
Start around 16 weeks before your AP exam (this would be around the beginning of the second semester for many students).
Each week, focus on ONE Supreme Court case. Make ALL the notes you can about it - on index cards, quizlet, anything works!
Make sure you include: the year, the decision, rationale behind the decision, and the constitutional principle that goes with the case. It would also be helpful to include related court cases!
Make sure you review these flashcards week to week, and by AP exam time, you’ll be perfect!
Each week, you might also want to create your OWN free response questions. Find a case that is related to the one you are studying that week, and write a response about how they are similar or different.
Review the differences between “identify,” “describe,” and “explain,” in terms of key words that will be used in the question.
If you “identify” on a question that asks to “explain,” you will NOT receive the point. Make sure you provide a degree of detail based on the term used in the question.
You can access the 2019 AP Exam FRQ, and the FRQ that is on this year’s Course and Exam Description on The College Board’s website. To get you started, here’s a practice question you can use.
Prior to their high school football games, the students of a high school in Texas would choose a fellow classmate to address the crowd through a loudspeaker. This address almost always involved a prayer - students were not required to attend, but many of those present were students. This prayer was described by many as “overtly Christian.” Several students and their parents sued the school board, stating that the practice violated the Constitution. In the resulting case, Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe, in a 6-3 decision, the Supreme Court held that the policy that allowed for student-led prayer over the loudspeakers at a football game violated the Constitution because it was occurring “on government property at government-sponsored school events.”
Identify the constitutional clause that is common in both Engel v. Vitale and Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe.
Explain how the facts in both Engel v. Vitale and Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe led to a similar decision in both cases.
Describe an action that could be taken by legislators who disagree with the ruling in Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe.
2550 north lake drive
milwaukee, wi 53211
92% of Fiveable students earned a 3 or higher on their 2020 AP Exams.
*ap® and advanced placement® are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.
© fiveable 2020 | all rights reserved.