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Unit 1

1.1 Unit 1: Families in Different Societies / Familien in verschiedenen Gesellschaften

5 min readnovember 18, 2020


AP German  🇩🇪

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Unit 1: Familien in verschiedenen Gesellschaften 👪 👨‍👩‍👧 👨‍👨‍👧‍👦 👩‍👩‍👦‍👦 👨‍👩‍👦‍👦

This unit is all about themes that relate to families in German-speaking 🇩🇪 communities. The big picture 🖼️ here is obviously family 👩‍👧‍👦, but this includes lots of other ideas as well!
Family is really important to most Germans and the family home 🏡 is a place where people can really be themselves. In Germany, parents and other relatives help children 👶 reach their goals and their full potential. With this in mind, it is important to note that Germans also encourage their children to be self-reliant 🙋 Being self-reliant means that people can fend for themselves and they are responsible for the decisions 🤷‍♂️ they make. German parents believe this will make sure their kids are prepared when they move out, which is usually right after high school 👨‍🎓

Wesentliche Fragen für Familien in Verschiedenen Gesellschaften

  1. Wie versteht man den Begriff “Familie” in deutschsprachigen Regionen? (What constitutes a family in German-speaking societies?) ❓❔
  2. Was sind einige wichtige Aspekte und Werte des Familienlebens in deutschsprachigen Regionen? (What are some important aspects of family values and family life in German-speaking societies?) ❓❔
  3. Welchen Herausforderungen müssen sich Familien heutzutage stellen? (What challenges do families face in today’s world?) ❓❔

1.1 Was ist eigentlich eine Familie in deutschsprachigen Regionen?

A typical German family is made up of a mom, a dad, and anywhere between 1 and 3 kids 👨‍👩‍👧‍👧

Eine typisch deutsche Familie besteht aus einer Mutter, einem Vater und zwischen 1 und 3 Kindern.

Both parents 👷‍♂️ work: mom usually works 👩‍💼 part-time to help the kids.

Beide Eltern arbeiten: Mutter arbeitet normalerweise in Teilzeit, um den Kindern zu erziehen.

Grandparents and other family members are important and play a large role, but a lot of times they don’t live in the same neighborhood, city 📌, or even Bundesland.

Großeltern und andere Familienmitglieder sind wichtig und spielen eine große Rolle, aber oft leben sie nicht in derselben Nachbarschaft, Stadt oder sogar Bundesland.

In most cases, the parents 👩‍❤️‍👨 are married but there are also a lot of single parents, parents living with their partner, or patchwork families.

In den meisten Fällen sind die Eltern verheiratet, aber es gibt auch viele Alleinerziehende, Eltern, die mit ihrem Partner zusammenleben, oder Patchwork-Familien.

More than one type of family in today's society

Kernfamilie 👨‍👩‍👧
Die Kernfamilie ist die traditionelle ™️ Art der Familienstruktur. Dieser Familientyp besteht aus zwei Eltern und Kindern.
Alleinerziehende Familie👨‍👦
Die Alleinerziehende besteht aus einem Elternteil, der/die ein oder mehrere Kinder alleine großzieht. Diese Familie kann eine alleinerziehende Mutter mit ihren Kindern, einen alleinerziehenden Vater mit seinen Kindern oder eine einzelne Person mit ihren Kindern umfassen. Die Familie der Alleinerziehenden 1️⃣ ist die größte Veränderung, die die Gesellschaft in Bezug auf die Veränderungen in den Familienstrukturen gesehen hat.
Erweiterter Familienkreis 👨‍👦‍👦 + 👩‍👦
Die erweiterte Familienstruktur besteht aus zwei oder mehr Erwachsenen, die entweder durch Blut oder durch Ehe verwandt sind und im selben Haus leben 👩‍❤️‍👨 Zu dieser Familie gehören viele Verwandte, die zusammenleben und auf gemeinsame Ziele hinarbeiten, wie die Erziehung der Kinder und die Einhaltung der Haushaltspflichten 🍽️
Kinderlose Familie 🤷‍♀️ 🤷🏾‍♂️
Während die meisten Menschen die Familie als Kinder betrachten, gibt es Paare, die entweder keine Kinder haben können oder wollen.
Die Stieffamilie 👨🏿 + 👨‍👦
Über die Hälfte aller Ehen endet mit einer Scheidung, und viele dieser Personen entscheiden sich für eine Wiederverheiratung. Dadurch wird die Stufen- oder Mischfamilie erstellt, bei der zwei separate Familien zu einer neuen Einheit zusammengeführt werden.
Großelternfamilie 👵+👴🏾+👶🏼

Viele Großeltern ziehen heute ihre Enkelkinder auf 👫🏾

New living arrangements are shaping German society!
Ideas of what a family is are constantly changing and evolving 🚼 in Germany. The number of unmarried 🚫💑 couples with children living together is going way up. Between 1996 and 2013 the figure doubled ✖️2️⃣ to 11.6 million families. Families with just one 👨‍👦 parent are also growing. Single parents make up a fifth of all parent-child dynamics and almost all of them are women 👩
In 2017, the Bundestag came out with the “Marriage for All” act which means all couples have access to a full marriage and can also adopt children 👨‍❤️‍👨👭
https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-hiRx1tTmg8oq.png?alt=media&token=aea21f60-3aed-4713-b60d-741bc962ed2a

Image from Deutschland.de.

Having children is becoming a luxury in Switzerland 🇨🇭

Women are having children later and later in Switzerland 🇨🇭 Much like in Germany 🇩🇪, Swiss mothers are waiting to have children until they are financially 💰 and professionally 👨‍💼 secure. The average age of mothers 🧘‍♀️ in Switzerland is 30.9 years old.
Swiss couples are not just having children later 🧓 in life, they're also not having that many. Women have, on average, 1.52 kids. Interestingly enough, women born outside of Switzerland but living in the country have, on average, more 📈 children than Swiss women.
https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-0a5HeyuDBs4U.png?alt=media&token=41a98c38-be9c-47f7-83f2-7b46ee1d3155

Image from Swissinfo.ch.

Another reason women aren't having that many children today is because of childcare 🧒 Women in Switzerland have a relatively short 🔽 maternity leave (14 weeks compared to TWO YEARS in Germany). Having a child is now a tough choice that women are carefully reconsidering: baby 👶 or career 👩‍💼?

High cost of childcare in Switzerland

Childcare costs 💸 in Switzerland are extremely high ⬆️ compared to other countries. So high, in fact, that a lot of people simply can't afford it even with government 🏛️ help.
According to the head of the Swiss Daycare Association (*KiTaS),*Talin Stoffel, financing daycare for one 1️⃣ child is manageable, but more than that is simply out of the question for a lot of people in Switzerland. One full-time spot at a daycare 🏫 in Switzerland costs parents about 2,500 Swiss francs🤑 a month or close to CHF 40,000 a year (that's over $42,000 a year 😳).
Switzerland views childcare differently than a lot of other countries in Europe 🇪🇺 In fact, Swiss voters have consistently rejected ❎ offers for government support of childcare facilities because it is seen as an additional financial burden for taxpayers 💶 and considered an interference by the state.
According to the 2011 OECD (The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) report Doing Better for Families, families in Switzerland spend half of their income 💰 on childcare!

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