ap physics c: mech study guides

5.4 Angular Momentum and Its Conservation ๐Ÿ›ฐ๏ธ

#angular-momentum

#conservation

#impulse

#torque

โฑ๏ธย ย 1 min read

written by

Daniella Garcia-Loos

daniella garcia-loos

November 5, 2020


5.4: Angular Momentum and Its Conservation ๐Ÿ›ฐ๏ธ

Conservation of Angular Momentum: Angular momentum of a system is conserved unless there is an outside torque acting on the system.

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Which means that torque is the slope of an angular momentum vs. time graph!

โš ๏ธ Common misconception: You cannot just multiply r by translational momentum to change it to angular!! L does not equal mvr for anything other than a point/particle!

Common Situations of Conservation of Angular Momentum

Disks Colliding:

This situation is extremely similar to pool ball scenarios we've seen in the past with linear momentum, however, we typically considered those pool balls as a particle/point in space. Disks have some rotational inertia so they can apply torque on each other. However, it is important to remember that angular momentum is conserved because these torques are inside the system!

Here's an example of a disk collision below:

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Taken from LibreTexts

Ballistic Pendulum:

A ballistic pendulum typically refers to a bullet/particle-like object shot at a physical pendulum, like a rod. You can see an example of the scenario below:

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Taken from Wikimedia Commons

Typically it can be solved with a combination of conservation of energy and momentum! When the pendulum has some rotational inertia, we have to use conservation angular momentum for the bullet-pendulum system.

Satellites:

We'll cover this situation in Unit 7, but just know it exists!

Practice Questions:

1)

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Answer:

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2)

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Answer:

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3)

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Answer:

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4)

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Answer:

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