⏱️ November 2, 2020
When we write inversions of sevenths chords in a harmonic progression, it in important to keep entry and exit of the chord through a stepwise motion. Minimal or no leaps in or out of a seventh chord is essential. Seventh chords in inversions often allow the bass to have a melodic stepwise quality. Just like those walking bass players in jazz!
Leading-tone seventh chords, the ⅶo7 diminished and ⅶø7, have two possible functions:
To substitute for the Ⅴ or Ⅴ7 chord as part of the dominant, or
Placed between tonic chords, to prolong the tonic in a stepwise voice leading
Lastly, inverted chords should contain all the tones of the chord. While it is okay to omit chord tones in a seventh chord in root position, any inversion chords cannot do so. Keep them all!
🦜 Polly wants a progress tracker: If you have a V7 chord in the key of A Major, what is the 7th chord tone and to what note will it resolve?
ap music theory
🎵 Unit 1: Music Fundamentals I: Pitch, Major Scales and Key Signatures, Rhythm, Meter, and Expressive Elements
1.1Pitch and Pitch Notation 🎼
🎶 Unit 2: Music Fundamentals II: Minor Scales and Key Signatures, Melody, Timbre, and Texture
2.1Minor Scales: Natural, Harmonic, and Melodic
2.2Relative Keys: Determining Relative Minor Key and Notating Key Signatures
2.3Key Relationships: Parallel, Closely Related, and Distantly Related Keys
2.4Other Scales: Chromatic, Whole-Tone, and Pentatonic
🎻 Unit 3: Music Fundamentals III: Triads and Seventh Chords
3.1Triad and Chord Qualities (M, m, d, A)
3.3Chord Inversions and Figures: Introduction to Figured Bass
🎹 Unit 4: Harmony and Voice Leading I: Chord Function, Cadence, and Phrase
4.3Harmonic Progression, Functional Harmony, and Cadences
4.4Voice Leading with Seventh Chords
🎸 Unit 5: Harmony and Voice Leading II: Chord Progressions and Predominant Function
5.1Adding Predominant Function IV (iv) and ii (ii0) to a Melodic Phrase
📝 Exam Skills
AP Music Theory Free Response Help - FRQ/LEQ
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