4.5 Voice Leading with Seventh Chords in Inversions
1 min read•november 2, 2020
AP Music Theory 🎶
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4.5: Voice Leading with Seventh Chords in Inversions
When we write inversions of sevenths chords in a harmonic progression, it in important to keep entry and exit of the chord through a stepwise motion. Minimal or no leaps in or out of a seventh chord is essential. Seventh chords in inversions often allow the bass to have a melodic stepwise quality. Just like those walking bass players in jazz!
Leading-tone seventh chords, the ⅶo7 diminished and ⅶø7, have two possible functions:
To substitute for the Ⅴ or Ⅴ7 chord as part of the dominant, or
Placed between tonic chords, to prolong the tonic in a stepwise voice leading
Lastly, inverted chords should contain all the tones of the chord. While it is okay to omit chord tones in a seventh chord in root position, any inversion chords cannot do so. Keep them all!
🦜 Polly wants a progress tracker: If you have a V7 chord in the key of A Major, what is the 7th chord tone and to what note will it resolve?
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