AP World Spring 2021 Crash Course 🌍

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🚀  Thematic Guides

✈️  Unit 9: Globalization

👉  Introduction to AP World

8.0 Overview of Unit 8: Cold War & Decolonization

#context

#overview

#coldwar

#1900-present

⏱️  2 min read

written by

katie moore

June 24, 2020


So… what was actually going on at this time? 🗺

Great question! As you probably already know, WWI was caused by a bunch of nationalism in the warring countries, increased military power due to the Industrial revolution, imperialism, and alliances. It was largely unsuccessful in solving disputes and 21 years later there was WWII. 

Both of these wars resulted in a ton of death and destruction, and most importantly, a bunch of colonies started to think for themselves. They fought in the war, after all-- why shouldn’t they be independent? 

After the war, the Soviet Union and the United States were left largely undamaged by the war, whereas Western Europe was totally destroyed. This left both of them primed to become world powers. 

Main Events

1914-1918: World War I

1918-1920: Estonian war for independence

1919: Gandhi’s first satyagraha; Egyptian Revolution; Syrian National Congress convenes

1919: May 4th Movement

1929: Great Depression begins

1929-1947: Indian protest for independence

1931-32: Japanese invasion of Manchuria

1933: Great Depression ends

1939: World War II starts

1945: World War II ends/Yalta and Potsdam conferences

1947: Marshall Plan

1948: Israel created

1949: NATO formed//China established as a communist country

1950-53: Korean War

1955: Bandung Conference

1957: Ghanaian independence

1959-1975: Vietnam War

1960: Year of Africa (independence of 17 African nations, such as Nigeria and Cameroon)

1962: Cuban Missile Crisis

1963: Kenyan independence

1974-1990: Pinochet in Chile

1975-2002: Angolan Civil War

1989: Year of independence of many countries from the Soviet bloc/collapse of the Berlin Wall

Discussion Questions: 

  1. How did the results of WWII lead to the Cold War and decolonization?
  2. What were the long- and short-term causes of the Cold War?
  3. What factors led to the different organizations of new states and how?
  4. How was the Cold War similar in the Western and Eastern Hemispheres? How was it different?

Helpful Resources

🎥Watch: Crash Course - Cold War

🎥Watch: Crash Course - Decolonization

📝Read: Freemanpedia - Notes

📝Read: Freemanpedia - Cold War

📝Read: Freemanpedia - Decolonization

✍️Practice: LEQ #3 - Continuity and Change after 1900 

✍️Practice: FRQ #1 - Totalitarian vs. democratic states and violence

✍️Practice: LEQ #4 - Political ideologies challenging traditional order

✍️Practice: LEQ #4 - State involvement in the economy

💭Review: Quizlet - Cold War

💭Review: Quizlet - Cold War (a little deeper)

💭Review: Quizlet - Communism/Decolonization

💭Review: Quizlet - Cold War/Decolonization

💭Review: Quizlet - Decolonization

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