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Unit 8

8.0 Overview of Unit 8: Cold War & Decolonization

2 min readjune 24, 2020

Katie Moore

So… what was actually going on at this time? 🗺

Great question! As you probably already know, WWI was caused by a bunch of nationalism in the warring countries, increased military power due to the Industrial revolution, imperialism, and alliances. It was largely unsuccessful in solving disputes and 21 years later there was WWII. 
Both of these wars resulted in a ton of death and destruction, and most importantly, a bunch of colonies started to think for themselves. They fought in the war, after all-- why shouldn’t they be independent? 
After the war, the Soviet Union and the United States were left largely undamaged by the war, whereas Western Europe was totally destroyed. This left both of them primed to become world powers. 

Main Events

1914-1918: World War I
1918-1920: Estonian war for independence
1919: Gandhi’s first satyagraha; Egyptian Revolution; Syrian National Congress convenes
1919: May 4th Movement
1929: Great Depression begins
1929-1947: Indian protest for independence
1931-32: Japanese invasion of Manchuria
1933: Great Depression ends
1939: World War II starts
1945: World War II ends/Yalta and Potsdam conferences
1947: Marshall Plan
1948: Israel created
1949: NATO formed//China established as a communist country
1950-53: Korean War
1955: Bandung Conference
1957: Ghanaian independence
1959-1975: Vietnam War
1960: Year of Africa (independence of 17 African nations, such as Nigeria and Cameroon)
1962: Cuban Missile Crisis
1963: Kenyan independence
1974-1990: Pinochet in Chile
1975-2002: Angolan Civil War
1989: Year of independence of many countries from the Soviet bloc/collapse of the Berlin Wall

Discussion Questions: 

  1. How did the results of WWII lead to the Cold War and decolonization?
  2. What were the long- and short-term causes of the Cold War?
  3. What factors led to the different organizations of new states and how?
  4. How was the Cold War similar in the Western and Eastern Hemispheres? How was it different?

Helpful Resources

🎥Watch: Crash Course - Cold War
🎥Watch: Crash Course - Decolonization
📝Read: Freemanpedia - Notes
📝Read: Freemanpedia - Cold War
📝Read: Freemanpedia - Decolonization
✍️Practice: LEQ #3 - Continuity and Change after 1900 
✍️Practice: LEQ #4 - State involvement in the economy
💭Review: Quizlet - Cold War
💭Review: Quizlet - Cold War (a little deeper)
💭Review: Quizlet - Communism/Decolonization
💭Review: Quizlet - Cold War/Decolonization
💭Review: Quizlet - Decolonization


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