There are many aspects that can define an individual’s political ideology. Factors such as religious, ethnic, economic, and social backgrounds are seen to be very important when analysing political ideologies of groups, according to Political Scientists. There are some consistent trends when it comes to groups and their respective ideologies, for example, a family of Hispanic-American citizens most likely identify with liberal ideals. On the other hand, a white individual of 60+ years will most likely be a conservative.
Besides the different culture and backgrounds, there are other time factors that can determine the overall sentiment/beliefs of the population:
Generational Effects - Whenever a generation goes through a remarkable event, such as a war, an epidemic, or even a depression, these occurrences cause this generation to have a specific political attitude.
Lifecycle Effects 🕑- It consists of the fact that individuals have dynamic and changing values that may be transformed throughout their lives.
One example of a Generational Effect is the generation that went through the Great Depression (1929 - 1933), as they were more supportive of welfare programs. As a consequence, they supported more liberal ideals that consisted of aiding the population through social and economic projects.
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