All Subjects






Unit 5

5.9 Government Policies during the Civil War

2 min readmay 30, 2020


Caleb Lagerwey

AP US History 🇺🇸

Bookmarked 11.9k • 426 resources
See Units

Opposition to the War

Both sides introduced a draft (conscription) that produced a backlash on the homefront from those opposed to the war or to forcing people to join the war.
  • Copperheads/Peace Democrats opposed the war in the North
  • The New York Draft Riots were an example of opposition to the war in the North (NYC was a Democrat stronghold)
  • Bread riots erupted in Southern cities because of a lack of food and other supplies
Don’t forget that Lincoln had to run for reelection in 1864: he narrowly beat the Democratic candidate, former General George B. McClellan, who drew strength from opposition to Lincoln’s aggressive tactics to the length of the war, to the draft, and to fighting for African Americans.

Lincoln & the Border States

Lincoln declared martial law (military rule) and suspended habeas corpus (the right to have a trial so you know what you’re charged with) in order to keep the border states in the Union
  • Border States (MO, KY, MD, & DE; in yellow at right) were slave states that stayed loyal to the Union

Image Courtesy of Wikimedia

Emancipation Proclamation

Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in areas in rebellion, so no slaves were immediately freed since those areas were not listening to him. It also didn’t apply to border states to keep them loyal.
  • This leads to the reframing of the war goals: the goals are now emancipation and preserving the Union
  • Enslaved people ran away to Union lines and thus freed themselves
  • Leads to African Americans in the Union Army (ex: 54th Massachusetts)
🎥Watch: AP US History - The Civil War


Was this guide helpful?

Fiveable logo
Join Fiveable for free
Create a free account to bookmark content and compete in trivia
Hours Logo
Studying with Hours = the ultimate focus mode
Start a free study session
Browse Study Guides By Unit
📆Big Reviews: Finals & Exam Prep
📑Document Based Questions (DBQ)
✍️Exam Skills (MC, SAQ, LEQ, DBQ)
📝Long Essay Questions (LEQ)
🧐Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
📋Short Answer Questions (SAQ)
🚀Thematic Guides
🌽Unit 1: Early Contact with the New World (1491-1607)
🦃Unit 2: Colonization of North America (1607-1754)
🔫Unit 3: Conflict and American Independence (1754-1800)
🐎Unit 4: Beginnings of Modern American Democracy (1800-1848)
💣Unit 5: Toward the Civil War and Reconstruction (1844-1877)
🚂Unit 6: The Industrial Revolution (1865-1898)
🌎Unit 7: The Early 20th Century (1890-1945)
🥶Unit 8: The Postwar Period and Cold War (1945-1980)
📲Unit 9: Entering into the 21st Century (1980-Present)
FREE APUSH Survival Pack + Cram Chart PDF
Sign up now for instant access to 2 amazing downloads to help you get a 5
Play this on HyperTyper
Practice your typing skills while reading Government Policies during the Civil War
Start Game