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Unit 9

9.0 Unit 9 Overview: Social Psychology

2 min readnovember 11, 2020

Dalia Savy

Sumi Vora


From the College Board

👀 Developing Understanding of this Unit

According to the College Board, "In this final unit, psychological concepts and theoretical perspectives are pulled together from throughout the course 🧠 Social psychology is the study of how other people and groups influence behavior and mental processes as well as how behavior and mental processes influence our experiences in social situations 🗣️
Social psychology also involves the study of how our perceptions of social situations impact how we interact with others and how others interact with us. Social psychologists may focus on one aspect of social situations or interactions and may do so from a variety of theoretical perspectives, including other integrative perspectives."

🔎 Guiding Question

  1. How does the bias of a researcher affect their conclusions?

Contextualizing the Unit

The past units in AP Psych have focused mostly on the individual—how we act, how we perceive things, and our own personality and motivations 🌠 However, there’s a whole other side to psychology called social psychology: how we think about, influence, and relate to one another. In other words, social psychology studies why the same person would behave and treat others differently based on the situation around them 👪
About 8-10% of the exam is about this unit and it's the last one!

📝Key Vocabulary

Fundamental attribution errorSelf-serving biasFalse consensus effectConfirmation bias
Just-world hypothesisHalo effectCentral route to persuasionPeripheral route to persuasion
Cognitive dissonanceElaboration likelihood modelGroupthinkConformity
Obedience to authorityBystander effectSocial facilitationSocial inhibition
Group polarizationDeindividuationDiffusion of responsibilityIn-group/out-group bias
Reciprocity normsSocial normsSocial trapsSuperordinate goals
EthnocentrismPrejudiceBiasDiscrimination
Scapegoat theoryStereotypeOut-group homogeneity biasMere-exposure effect
AltruismAggressionInterpersonalAttraction

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