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AP Gov


Unit 3

3.10 Social Movements and Equal Protection

2 min readjune 1, 2020


Annika Tekumulla

AP US Government 🏛️

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Civil rights are the protections from gender, race, or religious discrimination. Civil rights are safeguarded by the due process and equal protection clauses in the Constitution. 

Racial Equality

The Civil Rights Movement was a long and slow process towards equality for all races under the law.
One example of this is Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” 📨 In April 1963, MLK was arrested for his organization of the marches and sit-ins against segregation. The document highlighted the ideas of nonviolent protest that he hoped to incorporate in order to fight for the end of segregation throughout the South. 
The movement led to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 🗳 was also passed as a result. It prohibits racial discrimination in voting.

Women's Rights

The Women’s Rights Movement is also an important social movement in United States history.
An important factor in this movement was The National Organization for Women (NOW). This organization aimed to increase women's rights and to fight against gender inequality of all degrees. 
There was also progress before NOW was founded. In fact, the 19th Amendment was passed after World War 1. It makes sure that the "vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex." It allowed women to vote.


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