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Unit 7

Imperialism

74 min videoβ€’february 14, 2019


The Second Industrial Revolution created an unprecedented technological gap between Europe, North America, and the rest of the world in the late nineteenth century. As Europeans spread out across a world that was getting smaller and smaller - a world that could be circumnavigated in 80 days according to Jules Verne - Europeans began to plant new colonies in Africa and Asia. Many prominent Europeans saw in their technological superiority a sign of cultural and racial superiority, as well - a superiority that took a hit when Japan, which had embraced Western technology, defeated Russia in the Russo-Japanese War. The Treaty of Portsmouth, which concluded the Russo-Japanese War, was mediated by Teddy Roosevelt, marking the entry of the United States onto the world stage.