🙏 Free Reviews 2020
Required Founding Documents
Required Supreme Court Cases
🏛 Unit 1: Foundations of American Democracy
1.5Ratification of the U.S. Constitution
1.7Relationship Between States and the Federal Government
1.8Constitutional Interpretations of Federalism
⚖️ Unit 2: Interactions Among Branches of Government
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Interactions Among Branches of Government
2.2Structures, Powers, and Functions of Congress
2.4Roles and Power of the President
2.8The Judicial Branch
2.11Checks on the Judicial Branch
✊ Unit 3: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
3.2First Amendment: Freedom of Religion
3.6Amendments: Balancing Individual Freedom with Public Order and Safety
3.7Selective Incorporation & the 14th Amendment
3.8Amendments: Due Process and the Rights of the Accused
3.11Government Responses to Social Movements
🐘 Unit 4: American Political Ideologies and Beliefs
🗳 Unit 5: Political Participation
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
✍️ Free Response Questions (FRQ)
AP Gov FRQ: Argument Essay Review (2020)
FRQ: Conceptual Analysis
⏱️ 1 min read
June 11, 2020
In section 2.9, we will explore how the judicial branch aims to stay independent, and the concepts of precedent and stare decisis, as well as the confirmation process for judges.
Stare decisis means “let the decision stand.” Most Supreme Court cases are decided based on this concept - justices rely on previous, related cases and the decisions issued there to guide their rulings. This is called following precedent.
However, the Court CAN overturn previous decisions and not abide by stare decisis. A key example is when Plessy v. Ferguson (separate but equal) was overturned by Brown v. Board of Education (separate can never be equal).
Federal judges are appointed by the president and must be confirmed by the Senate. For the Supreme Court, a complete background check is conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation for all potential justices.
The Senate Judiciary Committee holds confirmation hearings before the full Senate votes on the nominee. Presidents normally appoint justices that share their ideological values.
Because these justices serve for life, Supreme Court justices are often an important part of a president’s legacy. Whether precedent is followed, especially in controversial rulings, often depends on the ideological balance of the Supreme Court.
🎥 Watch: AP GOPO - Nomination and Confirmation of Federal Judges
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